Maternal Periodontitis Can Lead To Adverse Reproductive Outcomes in Pregnant Women

In a study published by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC) adverse outcomes in pregnancies of women whose mothers had Periodontitis or gum disease, could lead to problems such as low birth weight and pre-mature birth, in their own pregnancies.

Additionally, a link between these adverse reproductive outcomes has also been established via other immune/inflammatory diseases like asthma and osteoarthritis.

In America today, almost half of all adults 30 years old or more have some level of periodontitis, and the numbers are rising fast.

Periodontitis, often called gum disease, generally starts as gingivitis and progresses into Periodontitis. The disease is identified as a progressive loss of bone around the teeth and gum line. If left untreated, it can lead to tooth loosening and eventual tooth loss.

Periodontitis is caused by the microorganisms in the food we eat, which adhere to the enamel of teeth and then grow and multiple. This is why brushing your teeth after every meal is so important along with regular trips to the Dentist for a check-up and tooth cleaning.

Initially, gum disease has very few symptoms, and may become severe before treatment is sought. Some of these symptoms include:

• Re-occurring redness and swelling of the gums
• Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing, or when biting into hard food.
• Halitosis, or bad breath for short, accompanied by a metal taste in mouth.
• Receding gum line, and a general looseness between the tooth and the skin of the gum.
• Loose teeth.

Daily oral hygiene and preventative measures must be taken to avoid gum disease, and some of them are:

• Regular brushing, at least twice a day, with attention paid to the sides and the gums, as well as the tongue.
• Floss daily as well, and make sure to clean behind the third molar.
• Use mouthwash, an antiseptic brand.
• Dental check-ups and tooth cleaning serve to identify gum diseas long before symptoms manifest.

Gum disease can be prevented and even treated after you get it, however reversal of tooth and bone loss cannot be achieved.

Article by Jim Donahue

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