I read an article, and performed some historical research, into the real reason for the second amendment. The NRA continually spouts their mantra about how the 2nd amendment protects our right to bear arms. They ignore or have no knowledge as to the intent of the amendment.
Thomas Jefferson, was among the majority of our founding fathers who were slave owners. Thom Hartmann, of “Truthout”, uncovered facts that point to the enactment of the second amendment as a tool to preserve slavery. The wording of the amendment was crucial. The word “State” was used instead of “Country”, deferring to states the right to make laws pertaining to them individually when these rights were not specifically granted to the federal government.
Before the Declaration of Independence was signed, their were militias. In the south, they were called “slave patrols” and were regulated by the individual state. Laws were passed in each state requiring slave owners to ensure armed patrols inspect slave quarters and ensure that they were not planning an ‘uprising’. The Georgia laws were the most defined. They were to specifically search slave housing for weapons and ammunition. And any slave that was discovered outside of plantation grounds was to be whipped.
At the time of the signing of the Constitution, revolts by slaves had greatly increased. Blacks outnumbered Whites in many areas. The “police state”, created by southern militia laws controlled the uprisings.
Northern anti-slavery movements saw a way of using these militias to strengthen the defense of the new country, and at the same time supplant a way for the slaves to be freed and perform military service. A note in history reveals that Great Britain, represented by Lord Dunsmore, offered freedom to any slave who would join the British and help them defeat the colonists before the start of the Revolutionary War.
The south was completely aware that the north sought an end to slavery. They were fearful that their slaves would be absorbed into the federal militia. When James Madison was encouraged by Jefferson to pen several amendments to the Constitution, his first draft of the second amendment read: “The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed: a well armed, and well regulated militia being the best security of a free Country: But no person religiously scrupulous of bearing arms, shall be compelled to render military service in person.”
But southern slave owners, wishing to preserve their slave patrols, forced a revision of the amendment. It would read: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”
What would be the interpretation now of the second amendment “rights” of the pro-gun, anti women and children groups be if a dysfunctional Supreme Court had not defined gun manufacturers as “persons”?
Columnist-The Guardian Express