Shrien Dewani, 33, a man from South Africa who is wanted for the murder of his wife was believed to have a mental health relapse. He is presently being treated in a hospital in Bristol for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. His wife Anni Deswani, 28 was shot in November 2010 in Gugulethu, on the outskirts of Cape Town when a taxi they were traveling in was hijacked.
Deswani’s doctors said he was taken off the anti-anxiety medication. Last month, the defense submitted proposals for him to make a voluntary return to his country but details were not discussed in court. If Deswani is extradited, he will be evaluated for mental issues under the South African government. He will be brought to a psychiatric unit in Valkenburg hospital in Cape Town if he is considered at risk before being sent to Goodwood prison.
Mental health is our social, emotional, and psychological well-being. It affects how we feel, think, and act. Mental-health is a serious disorder that affects the way you think, and behave. Your biology, genetics, and history of abuse may play a role.
Mental-health problems can be linked to anxiety or depression, but this can be underestimated. Though mental health treatment is available, there is a lot of controversy about how this problem is diagnosed, and which treatment is the most effective. Mental-health problems are as serious as any other illness, but you can’t see them. However, it is possible to recover from this illness.
Most common mental-health problems
Depression is associated with anxiety and makes you feel worthless, hopeless, exhausted, and unmotivated, which can affect your appetite, sleep, and self-esteem. The worse you feel, the more depressed you become.
Anxiety is a constant and unrealistic worry that can cause restlessness, and insomnia. It can increase your heart beat and related problems like panic attack, obsessive-compulsive behavior or phobia. It can be diagnosed if you have an inappropriate response in a situation.
Bipolar disorder (formerly known as manic depression)
A bipolar disorder was formerly known as manic depression, the display of overactive excited behavior. Frequently, the patient will go through long periods of depression. The different types of this disorder will depend on how often the mood swings occur.
Schizophrenia is a collection of symptoms that are not related. Symptoms will include confusion and jumbled thoughts as well as seeing and believing things other people don’t share. You will appear withdrawn and confused.
People with personality disorder find it difficult to change his patterns of thinking, behaving and feeling, and will have a more limited range of attitudes, behaviors, and emotions to cope with everyday life. His or her way of thinking is different from the expectations of society, which include paranoid personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and antisocial personality disorder.
Psychotic disorders are hallucinations and schizophrenia, which involve distorted awareness and thinking like hearing sounds and voices that are unreal, delusions, and false belief.
Dissociative disorder or multiple personality disorder are people who suffer severe changes or in consciousness, memory and general awareness of their environment. These are correlated with astounding stress resulting from accidents, and traumatic events.
Triggers Of Symptoms And Relapse
It is easy for people living with mental illness to identify worries, stressful events, or changes in their routine that may lead relapse. It could be a major change like the death of a loved one or a number of small stresses at the same time.
For children and youth, changes in schedules or routines like spring break or major holidays can be a trigger for relapse. Identifying high-risk situations can help you work together to prevent relapse.
Warning Signs Of Relapse
If you live with a family member who has a mental illness, it is easy to see warning signs, so it is important to be proactive when you recognize it to help you minimize a relapse. Talk to him or her about your concerns and share your observation with a qualified therapist
Written by: Janet Grace Ortigas