According to information supplied from the NASA-supported observatories, the sun’s gigantic magnetic field is on the verge of flipping, something that occurs every eleven years or so.
“It looks like we’re no more than 3 to 4 months away from a complete field reversal,” says Stanford University solar physicist Todd Hoeksema. “This change will have ripple effects throughout the solar system.”
When each solar cycle peaks, the sun rearranges its magnetic organization. This imminent reversal of poles heralds the center point of this solar cycle, affectionately named “Solar Max”.
There are precious few observatories dedicated to the study of the sun’s polar magnetic fields. Todd Hoeksema is the director of one of these observatories, Stanford’s Wilcox Solar Observatory. Solar physicists observe the sun, monitoring it for changes that may be significance for us, here on earth. Three major reversals have been recorded since the inception of magnetograms at Wilcox University in 1976. The fourth is due during the coming months. Astronomers at the Wilcox Solar Observatory engage in daily monitoring of the sun’s global magnetic field. The physicists have discovered a waning of the sun’s polar magnetic fields, dwindling to zero, and then arising again with the opposite polarity. This is a characteristic of the sun’s cyclic nature.
Due to the size of the sun and the connection between sun and earth, this reversal of poles, although inherent in the sun’s natural rhythm, is a significant occurrence.
The region of the sun’s magnetic authority is known as the heliosphere. The heliosphere stretches billions of kilometers past Pluto, and changes within the magnetic field’s polarity flow will be felt by the Voyager probes on the frontier of interstellar space.
Solar physicists use a current sheet to interpret the sun’s magnetic field. This current sheet begins from the sun’s equator, and projects outward from the sun’s equator. Here the sun’s magnetic field is gradually rotating and an electrical current is produced.
According to NASA, the measurement of the current is only one ten-billionth of an amp per square meter (0.0000000001 amps/m2). However, the amperage of the current courses through an area 10, 000 km dense and the width, stretches billions of kilometers beyond that.
The electrical nature of the heliosphere is structured around this incredibly vast current sheet.
The current sheet has become ‘very wavy’ during previous field reversals. As the Earth orbits the sun, we are dipping in and out of these languid current sheet, and the transitions between the sides stimulate a stormy space climate around our planet. The waves on the current sheet become more prominent as the sun nears its flipping point.
Wilcox Observatory’s data reveals that the sun’s hemispheres are currently ‘out of synch’. Apparently, the sun’s north pole has already switched sides, leaving the south behind. This is all a part of the process of the shifting polarity, and in the process of attaining balance; the poles go through this awkward unbalanced stage. Once both poles are in their reversed roles, we the will be in the second half of Solar Max.
Solar physicists are continuing their watch and will release a statement with the news of the pole reversal.