DNA Creates Glue That Builds by Itself

DNA Creates Glue That Builds by Itself

At Harvard University they are not playing with Legos and building grand structures. Scientists are using DNA cells to make glue smart enough to build architecture smaller than the eye can see without the aid of human intervention.

Researchers have recently come up with the idea to glue together tiny bricks of material that are smaller than a grain of salt by using DNA to self-direct the architectural construction. The DNA glue, or smart glue makes the tiny water-filled, jelled bricks stick specifically to each other. The exciting new research which has the potential to accomplish major breakthroughs was reported in the Sept. 9 issue of Nature Communications.

Dr. Peng Yin, Ph. D. a member of the Wyss Institute at Harvard is senior co-author of this study along with Ali Khademhosseini, Ph.D. who is an associate faculty member at the institute. Both are very excited about their discovery. The glue will work with anything to assemble higher-order structures all on its own. How amazing is that?

What is being created from the DNA glue is a programmable, sophisticated architect, which can be applied to something as small as a 30-diameter piece of silt down to a 1mm grain of sand.

This discovery will allow the programmable glue to create items such as lenses, microchips as well as surgical glue to reattached human tissue.

In creating a picture of how the glue works, normally when fabricating devices manufacturers begin by relying on a piece of material and then modify that material to fit the structure’s needs. Such as automobile manufacturers when they create the many variety of components for a vehicle and then have those components assembled in an assembly line type of fashion. The cars do not put themselves together, the assembly workers do.

As with the manufacturing systems, living organism also work in the same manner. By observing how the manufacturing techniques work, scientists attempted to think the same way for living organism, but are looking for their answers outside the manufactured box.

So what Harvard researchers did was took tiny bricks made from biodegradable gels called hydrogels and directed the bricks to self assemble themselves into a nanoscale 3D structure. With the experiment successful, researchers came up with an even better idea of creating an even smaller version, down to the mesoscale size.

When the Harvard scientist’s research initially began, the bricks would glom onto each other rather than self assemble to the desired structure. The problem being that the glue was not sticking to specific component locations, but piling on top of each other. The glue was just not thinking straight. There had to be something the researchers could use to make the glue smarter than the average Elmer’s glue bottle.

And what can be more scientifically intelligent than the mysterious qualities contained within a DNA strand?

Knowing that a strand of DNA will adhere to the next strand of DNA but only if that strand has a complementary sequence to the strand in which it is attaching their idea was perfect. When the scientists added DNA to the brick glue, the glue immediately knew to attach itself to specific components and not randomly glob a top of one another.

What the researchers’ created is the phenomenal ability for human tissues to reconstruct specifically, not randomly. Thus, through an injection rather than an individual having to go through major surgery with possibly weeks of recuperation the patient’s body tissue could reconstruct itself. Proving that DNA added to the glue will build the body tissues all by its smart little self.

Written by Lisa Graziano

 

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11 Responses to "DNA Creates Glue That Builds by Itself"

  1. special   September 9, 2013 at 9:37 pm

    Lisa Graziano, work on your writing quality. It is so bad it is distracting from a great story.

    Reply
  2. kkonzak   September 9, 2013 at 7:48 pm

    It’s a nice paper but people have been building structures with DNA for two decades now. See Ned Seeman’s work (no jokes please…). My favorite phrase in the article is “…the mysterious qualities contained within a DNA strand.” Although the author may not be aware, DNA is not really that mysterious anymore – the reason the authors chose DNA is because we understand the binding properties of DNA very well now.

    Reply
  3. Med Journalist   September 9, 2013 at 7:45 pm

    This is the worst written, most incomprehensible article I have ever read online. There have been some bad ones, but this one is terrible.

    Reply
  4. James Paul Schubert   September 9, 2013 at 7:27 pm

    Come on!!!

    What is wrong with you people?

    THIS IS PERHAPS THE MOST IMPORTANT DISCOVERY OF OUR TIME…
    and you want to pick out grammar errors!!!

    PLEASE – read the article again without nit-picking grammatical errors and read the INCREDIBLE – UNIMAGINABLE implications of this discovery!!!

    Self replication is THE halmark of the industry!!

    This is the beginning of the nanotechnology age!!!

    Reply
  5. Bob   September 9, 2013 at 6:42 pm

    Grammatical errors aside, this is simply a poorly written article. Very little information, plenty of words. I kept expecting to read some detail about how the DNA actually worked, but there was nothing.

    Reply
    • kkonzak   September 9, 2013 at 8:11 pm

      In a nutshell, they polymerized a molecule in water that was part monomer, part DNA to give cubes that have DNA strands sticking off of them. Then they used an enzyme to extend the DNA into much longer strands (thousands of bases long) so the DNA can have space to bind. Cubes prepared that contain complementary sequences will then stick together specifically. Now they can build stuff…That’s about it.
      One cool part was they were able to make cubes that had different sequences on each face to enable building complex structures.

      Reply
  6. Jax   September 9, 2013 at 5:57 pm

    a piece of trash, just like most of the academic publications.

    Reply
  7. Amy   September 9, 2013 at 5:24 pm

    The author of this article needs to revisit English 101! There are incomplete sentences and misused vocabulary all over the place.

    Reply
  8. Walter Mendenhall   September 9, 2013 at 5:20 pm

    What is a “30-diameter piece of silt” ? Do you mean 30 mm diameter?

    Reply
  9. David   September 9, 2013 at 5:01 pm

    I found the article very interesting but kept having to pause and reset my attention as I came across writing errors. “Proving that DNA added to the glue…” Wasn’t it “Providing that…”? In an article about science, the lack of care is frustrating.

    Reply
  10. Pietr Slovachek   September 9, 2013 at 4:38 pm

    What a country!

    Reply

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