Scientists will in due course have the technology to make Mars remade over in Earth’s image and allow it to be habitable for the people of Earth to live on.
Transforming Mars to make it more Earth-like could possibly revive any native life that might have endured in ecological niches for billions of years. Chris McKay who is an astrobiologist for NASA’s Ames Research Center, is in favor of a more generic term, He likes the phrase “planetary ecosynthesis”, for creating a strong biosphere on the planet’s surface.
Mars is certainly a flagship for settlement. The Red Planet has as about as much surface area as all of the continents on Earth combined. This makes it the focus point of numerous grassroots space ground breaking groups.
But this has presented a challenge. McKay asks if a geographically diverse and rich and diverse Mars is more treasured than protecting the beautiful, but apparently dead, world that is being are explored today.
No matter who would live there, the first job would be to change the Martian atmosphere so to make the Red Planet a wetter and warmer planet. Mars’ huge flood features show there is a lot of water which is sealed in the planet. There might have even been an ocean 4 billion years ago. That world would need to be defrosted.
Greenhouse gasses might have to be introduced as strange as this sounds. That would heat Mars and release frozen carbon dioxide for even more warming. This would ultimately allow for streams and rivers to flow again under a thicker atmosphere. This giant thaw out would take at least a few centuries, McKay believes.
However, he guesses that it would take at least another 100,000 years for inherently engineered photosynthetic life forms to raise the oxygen in the atmosphere to the levels of Earth.
Oxygen would build up an ozone defense against lethal solar ultraviolet rays. This might be strengthened by seeding the atmosphere yearly with 10 million tons of carbonyl sulfide which is emitted by erupting volcanos on Earth.
If non-organic tools could be developed for altering Mars’ carbon dioxide into oxygen, the planet might have air which would be breathable in about 10,000 years. It would be time to start purchasing Martian land now before prices went too high.
Some of most unpretentious creatures would have to come first such as soil invertebrates such as earthworms, and also insects. There would have to be flying insects for pollination that had huge wingspans. This would significantly increase the variety of plants grown on the Red Planet through colonization.
This plan would turn around if in fact it were discovered that Mars had microorganisms. Then the goal would change and renewal of the ecology on Mars would be started up again that may have thrived over 4 billion years ago. Then people from Earth would sit back and watch and see if Mars evolution would be the same or different to Earth’s evolution.
Reestablishing Martian life to global variety would be the best possible option for the Red Planet, McKay believes. However, if life on Mars is hereditarily related to life on Earth or if there is not any sort of life there, then a Mars filled with Earth life is the next best possible choice.
This decision is one that humanity is going to eventually face. It will open up the first main extraterrestrial predicament. As the most progressive life form in the solar system, does that entitle the people of Earth to declare an organic ruling and taking-over of another world? If nothing is there, then why not. Mars remade in Earth’s image should be a thing of wonder for everyone.
Written by: Kimberly Ruble