The matter that is inside black holes may finally have been answered. Scientists have taken an extraordinary look at the super energetic blasts which come from black holes and they believe they have finally come up with an answer that makes up the structure of these mysterious beams. Astronomers say that jet blasts released from black holes pack such a heavy load because they are made up of very dense atoms.
Researchers found nickel and iron evidence in the jets that are released by a comparatively small black hole. This suggests that regular matter is playing a much larger role in these puzzling structures than the bizarre thing known as antimatter.
It has been known for a while that the jets bursting from black holes have electrons but there was never any type negative charge found inside. It was believed that there had to be something positively charged inside of there, stated James Miller-Jones, who was the research leader, and also worked at Curtin University. That is part of the International Center for Astronomy Research, which is located in Australia.
He added that up until the present, it had not been clear whether the black holes positive charge was coming from positrons, which are antimatter’s basic opposite of electrons, or from atoms that were positively charged. Since the study showed that iron and nickel were inside the jet blasts, it is now known that the atom had to be giving the positive charge.
The investigators took the measure from the black hole known as 4U1630-47. It is only a bit more massive than the size of the sun. They analyzed the entity’s X-ray discharges by using a European Space Agency satellite by the name of XMM-Newton. They studied the black hole’s radio wavelengths by using a telescope compact array system which is located in Australia.
The radio interpretations showed the team the abrupt appearance of the jet blasts, while the XMM-Newton satellite gave information that exposed emission streaks within the jets’ X-ray range. This all ended up matching to the nickel and iron. It also showed that the lines had moved considerably.
This study had led scientists to determine that the particles in black holes were being speeded up to much faster rates in the blasts. The mind bending velocity of the closely focused jets is still only about 65 percent of the speed of light, or almost 440 million miles per hour.
Since the atoms that are positively charged are far heavier than positrons, the jet blasts are probably carrying larger amounts of energy away from the black hole than any preceding studies have been able to show, scientists said.
These newest discoveries also may aid in answering another long term mystery about the black hole jets. This would be to find out what is the true position from where the jets are launched. Some astronomers believe the blasts come from the black hole spinning around like it does, while others think that the jets burst from the material on the disk that is all around the black holes and end up fueling the monsters of space and light.
Jet blasts may be more important than previous thought. Black holes end up recycling energy and matter into space and they might affect how, where and when a galaxy would start to create stars. The jet blasts have been found to end up helping define what a galaxy’s fate will be because of how they throw out the atoms.
The results show that it is more likely that the disk is the reason behind the matter moving to the jet blasts. But there have to be more scientific observations done before this idea can be fully confirmed.
However, with this study, it does appear that the matter inside black holes just might have been answered as to what it really is.
By Kimberly Ruble