Many newly discovered species have been uncovered recently by scientists. It seems to be a trend lately with a plethora of new species popping up in a variety of field research studies. Whether the creatures are extinct or currently living, scientists have been working hard to find out more about these new critters. Many of these new species seem to be extremely secretive or just under our noses, thus making the research of such creatures a challenge. With so many newly discovered species being found lately, it’s no wonder it seems that their stories are becoming the latest headlines of recent science news.
Recently a new fish species has shown its face, called the flasher wrasse fish (Paracheilinus rennyae) or locally known as ikan karang. The fish was found in the East Nusa Tenggara and obviously is proving the importance of environmental conservation in the Komodo Park region and the southwest florres coral reefs. With further study researchers found the fish to be genetically different from other flasher wrasse fish. It is hoped that this very colorful fish may bring in further tourism to these areas, but researchers are unsure as to how valuable the new species will be to the tourism trade as of yet.
Another discovered species of fish found in the South Carolina waters, called the Carolina Hammer-head Shark (Sphyrna gilbert), was also confirmed with genetic screening. Due to the fact that this shark was identical to other scalloped hammer-head sharks, genetic testing was the only way to truly identify it as a new shark species. The only slight difference that scientists did note was that they were a tad smaller than the scalloped shark. There is great concern for the survival of these sharks, and other shark species, due to severely plummeting populations that have decreased to 90% sadly. A huge cause for such a decline is the demand for shark fin soup, known as a specialty dish in Chinese culture.
Now in SouthWestern Turkey, a new species of scorpion has been found. This secretive wood-scorpion (Euscorpius lycius) may seem poisonous when looking at its nasty stinger and pincers, but in reality it is totally harmless to humans. So now this new species is number five in their genus in Turkey, but what is even more interesting is that there are now a total of 1700 species of scorpions worldwide except in Antarctica.
So what about some of the newly discovered species that are now currently extinct? Well, recently the fossil of a new big cat species called Panthera blytheae was dug up and was found with DNA evidence to be related to the pantherinae sub-family that included lions, tigers and leopards. Scientists think this new cat shows that their evolutionary origin is deeper than they thought. This new find proves the previous evolutionary estimates wrong in that these great cats did not split from the genus Neofelis until 3.72 million years or so. The cat was found in a region that overlaps other great cat habitats. These cats showed that they have evolved in central Asia and spread out from there.
As it seems, the new species that are being reported lately are not letting up! So many more are being discovered everyday. Living or extinct, we are learning much more about our planet than ever possible. In reality, we have much more to discover here on earth than people sometimes realize. We humans have so much ground to cover, and we only know less than a third of our oceans as of today!
By Tina Elliott
Discovered Fish Species
Big Cat Discovery