Iran and the Issue of Nuclear Non-Proliferation [ Update]

The world peace depends on the success of the Geneva talks

Iran

Iran and the P5+1 nations are  engaged in serious talks concerning the issue of nuclear non-proliferation. The only item on the agenda in the ongoing  Geneva talks is to strike a deal with Iran so that it agrees to shut down it nuclear program, if not completely, at least partially. The world top diplomats and politician are on the verge on hammering out a deal with Iran to stop its secret nuclear installations enriching uranium to make atomic weapons.

The P5+1 nations under the auspices of the United Nations Security Council are trying their level best to make Iran sign an agreement by which it forgoes its nuclear program. In order to achieve their goal the P5+1 are ensuring the Iranian leadership that the sanctions imposed on it will be lifted.

This deal if it comes to pass will surely be in the interest of both Iran and the rest of the world. Iran’s nuclear program is an issue that has been haunting the world, especially the United States and its European allies for over a decade now. The sooner the concerned parties reach an agreement the better, though the latest news from Geneva is that the talks have been stalled by a minor snag.

The United States through its Secretary of State, John Kerry has clearly hinted at lifting of sanctions if Iran signs the present agreement. Most defense analysts are of the confirmed view that an accord is only possible in an atmosphere of mutual give and take. Those who are interested to see a solution to this issue have pleaded to the American Congress to show some laxity towards Iran. Barack Obama has also urged the House to think twice before applying more sanctions on Iran. The Congress on its part has agreed to give the Geneva moot a chance and have hinted at giving more time to resolve the issue of Iranian non-proliferation before they impose stricter sanctions on it. The House is willing to extend the deadline till December before it slams even tougher sanctions against Iran than those that are in place right now.

It is to be remembered that these sanctions are really bleeding Iranian economy. Due to these sanctions Iranian oil revenues in all international institutions have been frozen; the Iranian currency has collapsed; unemployment and inflation is on the rise in and the Iranian auto parts manufacturing industry is on the verge of complete collapse.

Israel is one major stakeholder that is not satisfied with the terms under which the P5+1 nations are reaching an agreement with Iran. Israel views Iran as a “rogue” state and has sent out clear signals to the world community that a military strike of the type it carried out against Iraq of Saddam Hussein’s time cannot be ruled out as an option.

Further, Israel is of the view that the P5+1 nations in a way are appeasing the mullahs, because under the terms of the present agreement nothing substantial is to be done by Iran. The Iranian nuclear infra-structure remains intact which in the ultimate analysis implies that Iran can restart making centrifuges within months of signing of this deal. Hence no substantial progress is made in terms of stopping the menace of nuclear non-proliferation, especially as far as Iran is concerned.

Latest update: Finally a deal has been reached between Iran and the P5+1 nations. Surely a defining moment in history, as the 3 decades old deadlock has been overcome.

By: Iftikhar Tariq Khanzada

Khaleej Times

Times of India

USA Today