The recently signed deal in Geneva between Iran and the P5+1 powers including America paints Iran as the liberal Democrat and the west, especially America as the conservative mullah. This agreement has already divided the world into two opposing camps. The pro-deal states hail it a step forward in making Iran stop its secret nuclear activity, while the anti-deal states believe it to be a mistake of monumental proportions.
What is really striking about this accord is that Americans have gone the extra mile to make Iran sign this document, at the expense of annoying its old and trusted allies in the region, including Israel and Saudi Arabia.
Though it is not certain why the Americans have been so involved in hammering a deal with Iran. What is clear is that they have done so at the risk of displeasing their staunch allies in the region. As far as Israel is concerned it views Iran as a threat to world peace. While Saudi Arabia, has cautiously welcomed the deal, it too views Iran as a real threat to regional peace and order.
It must be remembered that Iran is the only Shia state in the region which is dominated by Sunni states. These Sunni states don’t want to see a nuclear armed Iran because it destabilizes the balance of power in the region. A nuclear armed Iran is the worst possible scenario envisaged by the Sunni States in an already volatile region.
The strange aspect of all this affair is that after the Geneva talks, Iran appears the Democrat while America the mullah. This is not the final deal as a period of six months is afforded to Iran in which to convince the west that its nuclear activity is only limited to procuring essential energy for peaceful purposes only instead of nuclear power for building a Shia atomic bomb.
Americans and its allies have lifted some sanctions that were hurting the common man in Iran, but the freeze of its oil revenues in international institutions remains. This important sanction will only be lifted once Iran shows complete transparency in its nuclear activities within the next six months. Another very important aspect of the deal is that Iran has agreed to stop making heavy water at its top-secret facility at Arak. In addition Iran also has agreed to neutralize its existing capacity of nuclear enrichment to the level of 20 percent. If these conditions imposed on it are not met by Iran than according to the Foreign Minister of France Laurent Fabius the steps documented in the Geneva accord are “reversible.”
The coming six months will be crucial both to Iran, the P5+1 powers and America whether to go on with easing sanctions on Iran or to come down hard on it for non-compliance. The pro-deal states are upbeat about the whole affair while the anti-deal states are skeptical.
History, perhaps is the only measure by which the Geneva talks will be viewed by the coming generations, whether these talks were a sane move or a disastrous one. At the present only one thing can be said with certainty and that is in this whole crunch scenario Iran has behaved as democrat and the west, specifically America as the mullah.
By: Iftikhar Tariq Khanzada