Obesity in teens is being helped by weight loss surgery and this is good news because teenagers in the United States that are severely obese have an astonishing number of health problems that were seen only in adults just a few years old, stated a major government sponsored research study.
Over half of the teens had at least four illnesses which were related to their additional weight. Three out of four suffered from high cholesterol and nearly half had high blood pressure or pain in their joints.
These kids weighed at least three times what was considered to be healthy. They were not just teenagers that wanted to have cosmetic surgery, explained Dr. Thomas Inge, the physician who lead the study and is a surgeon at the Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Cincinnati, OH.
The study offers encouraging proof that obesity weight-loss surgery is largely safe for teens, supporting previous research. While the obesity operations are definitely drastic and always used as a final decision, major complications such as accidental damage to internal organs only happened to about 8 percent of teenagers. Less severe problems including dehydration and bleeding affected around 15 percent of kids during the first 30 days after obesity surgery.
The report involved 242 teenagers who had the obesity operation at five different United States centers from 2007 through 2011. Effects for the first month after surgery were put on the Internet Monday in the journal JAMA Pediatrics.
In a new scientific report, the American Heart Association stated that obesity surgery might just be the best treatment for severe obesity in teens. This is now a condition that is affecting over 5 percent of American children and is growing coast-to-coast. The usual low score for severe obesity is a body mass index of at least 35. The typical BMI in the study was an extremely high 51.
Since lifestyle changes and medication usually do not work for these types of obese teens, the report says obesity surgery should definitely be considered for those that have health problems and who are also mentally and emotionally old enough to handle it.
A three-year report that has followed up on over 2,000 patients in an adult study was also distributed online in the Journal of the American Medical Association. It showed that adults usually had less obesity-related complaints than what were in the teen study, and that adults seemed to lose most of their weight during the first year after obesity surgery. Gastric bypass surgery, which is considered the most common operation now in America, resulted in more loss of weight and much more progress in the fight against obesity related illnesses than the procedure known as stomach banding. Three-year death rates have stayed low, and were very alike for both procedures, but the band patients ended up having numerous more surgeries.
The teen study showed that obesity surgery resulted in lasting loss of weight loss and better health. But researchers are continuing to follow the participants and record information. So far the teens are doing very well, except for the fact that some of them have stated they can no longer eat certain types of food, such as meat, sugar or some dairy products.
The majority of teenagers had the gastric bypass obesity surgery. That creates a small pouch in the stomach and then it is attached to the intestines. A few had the gastric band operation, where surgeons place an adjustable band around the top of the stomach. They then inflate it to cause the stomach to shrink. This particular obesity operation has yet to be approved for teens in the U.S.
Teenagers have to be severely obese to be suitable for such surgeries. But many are so big that even when the obesity surgery causes a major weight loss and in turn, better health, they are unable to get their BMI to go underneath the obesity range.
Any parents looking into the idea of obesity surgery for their teenagers ought to have the kids taken to weight-loss centers because this is where the experts are located. They are the ones who will be doing the operations. Obesity in teens can be helped very much by weight loss surgery if they have the mental and emotional capacity to handle it.
By Kimberly Ruble
Philly Burbs News