Studies have shown that there are connections between apples, walking, anxiety, and having a stroke. In three separate papers, researchers looked into how the three separate instances could increase or decrease the risk of suffering from a stroke or heart disease.
The first study looked into apples, and how eating just one apple every day could reduce the risk of the condition considerably for those 50 years or older. The study, undertaken by Oxford University, showed that around 8,500 deaths due to strokes could be prevented if just 70 percent of the population in the United Kingdom ate just one apple a day.
This study also involved the use of statins, which estimated 5.2 million people in the country take them. There is also possibly an increase in those in the United States taking them after a change in guidelines. The use of statins showed that around 9,400 deaths could be prevented.
The second study involved walking and how that affected those who were at a high risk of type 2 diabetes. 9,300 pre-diabetes adults in 40 separate countries were analyzed for the results. Those with pre-diabetes are more likely to suffer from cardiovascular problems, including strokes. The study, published in The Lancet journal on December 19 involved the participants increasing their current level of exercise, cutting out fatty foods, and shedding any excess pounds. The average amount of steps was recorded at the start of and 12 months into the program.
By taking 2,000 extra steps, patients lowered their risk of heart disease by 10 percent at the start, with an extra 8 percent drop by the end.
Along with walking and apples, anxiety has a connection to having a stroke. A third study showed that higher levels of anxiety meant that a person was more at risk of having a stroke.
The anxiety was linked to smoking and high blood pressure, as well as general feelings of anxiety throughout the day. The risk rose by 33 percent. However, Lenox Hill Hospital’s associate stroke director, Dr. Aviva Lubin, admitted that she was “skeptical about the results.” She was not involved with the study, and believes that treating anxiety is not going to see the risk of stroke decrease. There are many other factors that need to be treated, including blood pressure and smoking.
The research was published online in the Stroke journal on December 19. At least 6,000 people were involved in the study, ranging between the ages of 25 and 74, and were enrolled from the early 1970s by the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
The doctors involved in the study kept track of all patients over 22 years, tracing medical records and patient care home facilities for those who had strokes at any point in their lives.
Maya Lambiase, the head of the study, explained that while everyone suffers from anxiety now and then, it is the elevated periods that are more of a concern. These periods have a future effect on the blood vessel system. However, it is unclear whether it is just anxiety or the behaviors of patients who suffer from the problem. Those with anxiety are more likely to smoke or have lower activity levels.
Either way, the studies show that apples, walking, and anxiety all have some connection to having a stroke.
By Alexandria Ingham