The apple is commonly portrayed in Genesis as the tainted fruit that led to the fall of mankind. Yet the apple is revered in modern society. It would be uncontroversial to deem the apple as the “King of fruit;” the apple instantly sparks faint memories of Grandma’s warm apple pie and is coupled by fond recollections of Christmas apple cider. Furthermore, to add fuel to the cliché, a recent study suggests that the apple really does keep the doctor away.
The constituency of the apple contains an abundance of nutrients. Apples are known as an excellent source of fiber. The apple is teeming with an important fiber that masks under the guise of pectin. Pectin is a fiber that binds toxins together that are flushed out of the body in the form of waste. In addition to bathroom un-pleasantries, the apple is an excellent substitute for modern-day toothpaste and is a superb means to cleaning a dirty mouth after a tainted meal. Whatever else the apple was tainted by in the Garden of Eden, it wasn’t its nutrients.
The apple is not only a pleasant decoration for a fruit basket, however, but can be utilized as a useful remedy in combating one of the most potent maladies to plague modern culture—cancer. In a provocative and insightful study published in the International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, a team of researchers found that the secret to avoiding cancer is not buried somewhere deep in the lost city of Atlantis. Rather, it can be found hanging from the trees of many Americans backyards. To be terse: the apple really does keep the doctor away.
The compound that assists in combating this most ominous disease takes the gratuitously long title of Oligosacharrides. Oligosacharrides are actually a complex set of carbohydrates. The researchers of the study found that increasing the amount of Oligosacharrides decreases the risk of conglomerating cancer cells in the colon. The complex set of carbohydrates triggers a process known as apoptosis. When the proverbial neckties are loosened, biologists best define apoptosis as “cellular suicide.” To put it another away, the body contains a natural, in-built mechanism to extirpate damaged cells. By increasing amounts of Oligosacharrides, the rate of “cellular suicide” increases.
The human body is composed of roughly ten trillion cells. However, the life cycle of cells is fairly short. Every minute, nearly 300 million cells within the human body are extinguished and renewed. In order to compensate for the cell’s abridged life cycle, cells undergo a process known as “meiosis” or “cell division.” As the title suggests, each cell “splits” or “fissions” into two daughter copies of itself—although not an exact copy, since with each division the protective covering of chromosomes known as telomeres is slightly shortened.
Cancer causes a chink within the smooth chain of cell reproduction. Cancer cells are mutated cells that grow and divide like regular cells. Cancer cells are unlike regular cells in that they posses the ability to repair their telomeres, meaning that upon each cell division, the previous cancer cell refuses to die. As a corollary, the process of division and replication continues indefinitely, causing cancer cells to conglomerate into large concentrations of mass commonly identified as tumors.
The researchers believe the apple may be an excellent anti-tumor agent. However, the researchers recommend people purchase organic apples, since non-organic apples tend to be coated with pesticides and other noxious chemicals. Although organic apples tend to be more expensive, they are much less expensive than medical bills. Thus, through the insights of this study, people can rest assure that the apple really does keep the doctor away.
By Nathan Cranford