The year 2014 has brought a great news in regards to the fight against cancer, namely that death rates from this disease have continued to declining.
In a 2014 annual report, the American Cancer Society (ACS) confirmed that death from cancer has declined significantly since the last two years which equals to 20 percent fall.
Ahmedin Jemal, vice president for surveillance and health services research at ACS explained to the FoxNews that there is a decrease in death from cancer by about 20 percent between the year of 1991 and 2010, that makes around 1.3 millions deaths in that time period. Interestingly, the decrease in the death rate was seen in middle-aged dark men by 55 percent, between the year of 1991 and 2010, Jemal added.
This research data is put together by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Center for Health Statistics, and the National Cancer Institute.
There is a stability in the rate of cancer
In the latest report, Ahmedin Jemal and his colleagues have estimated around 1,665,540 new cases of cancer in the United States, which will result in around 585,720 deaths. According to the researchers of this report, there is a stability regarding the incidence of cancer over these years.
However, Jemal also pointed out that the people should pay more heed to the death rate statistic rather than incidence statistics as the U.S. population is more likely to get cancer incident cases. Jemal also added that the incidence cases of cancer doesn’t always portray the true picture of cancer treatment in the United States.
He said that it is hard to detect cancer as it is affected by so many factors ranging from screening and imaging techniques to clinical symptoms, which may vary from judgment to judgment. So the best gauge is the evaluation and consideration of variations in the death rates.
Factually speaking 585,720 cancer deaths denotes to approx. 1,600 deaths daily. This figure may seem huge but the death rate from cancer has decreased from 215.1 per 100,000 in 1991 to 171.8 per 100,000 in 2010.
Prevention is vital to improvement
Jemal attributes the drop in the death rate from cancer to medical and behavioral improvements over the last 20 years.
Jemal also added that the advancement in prevention and the early detection and treatment is the key. He attributed the decline to a decrease in the smoking habit by 50 percent over the past 50 years. He also linked improvement in early detection and treatment for major cancer like colorectal and breast cancer.
However, Jemal also contributed that there is still a long way to go. He said that although there is a significant drop in smoking rate, lung cancer is the most fatal type of cancer with a death rate of one-in-four patients. After lung cancer, the most fatal types of the disease are breast, colon, and prostate cancer.
Jemal said that even thought there is an improvement with Cancer death rates continuing to decline but people are still at risk by 66 percent being overweight and 20 percent of adults still smoke cigarettes. As they are the major risk factors for formation of most forms of cancer. Jemal asked people to follow a healthy lifestyle by eating healthy, also by quitting smoking and maintaining healthy weight.
By Loren Grush