El Nino weather effects will be doubly accelerated due to global warming, according to a new study from researchers at (ARC) Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science (CoECSS), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), climate change journal Nature Climate Change reported.
Nature World News provided an assessment of the climate change report, which concludes that strong El Nino events will take place more often, about every 10 years. Prior weather events shaped by El Nino occurred about every 20 years.
What is El Nino?
El Nino is Spanish for “The Child” or colloquially, “The Christ Child,” because it refers to equatorial temperatures in the east Pacific Ocean. It was initially a term used to describe changes in warm currents near South America, specifically Ecuador and Peru, during the Christmas holidays. El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is used to understand world climate change.
El Nino was a major factor in several catastrophes for human populations in the last few decades. The 1980s, 1990s and early 2000s have produced storms and natural disasters that were all linked to global warming, and the weather effects in the equatorial Pacific. From brush fires to flash floods, weather in places all around the world created several million human victims of calamity. This domino effect will have broad implications on the future of Earth’s weather patterns.
Weather Patterns in the Future
CBC News reports that El Nino weather effects accelerated from global warming, as noted by the study, and will occur every decade or so over the next century. This means that an estimated ten, give or take, major weather anomalies will create chain reactions that produce major disasters.
It is not clear what major government powers will do in response to this data on climate change. Climate change and environmental debates have been a frequent source of political stalemate. Most proposed reforms are set on the back burner or are regulated in a way that suits the needs of many private industry groups such as oil and gas lobbies, utilities, manufacturing, big farm, big pharma and other institutions that are heavy on resource use. These trends are not exclusive to the U.S. Most developed and developing nations alike have problems stemming from pollution, global warming and other environmental issues. China, for instance, has a major problem with pollution and faces political pressure from the rest of the world to decrease the level of hazardous smog.
The most extreme El Nino events have taken place in ’82-83 and ’97-98 prior to the millennium. The study cites current unchecked carbon emissions that deplete the atmosphere of ozone, a chemical that shields the planet from too much heat from the sun. Researchers studied data trends that represented changes in temperature, currents and clouds on Earth.
As the UK’s Daily Mail pointed out, El Nino events accelerated by global warming will define the period of 1990 to 2090, according to the authors of the study.
The reorganization of rainfall patterns are the primary contributor, next to the temperature shift in the Pacific, to natural disasters in predicted locations. For example, Australia will see periods of drought and wildfires, while other locations will experience flash flood conditions and torrential rain. The authors of this global warming study believe this is the most up to date and comprehensive set of information on these phenomena.
By Rob Lawson