Archaeologists that are located in Israel have used radiocarbon dating to identify when domestic camels arrived in the Middle East, and what they discovered in the study of science completely contradicts what the Bible has recorded as what happened. Camels are declared to be pack animals in the biblical tales of Abraham, Joseph and Jacob. These are Old Testament stories in which historians place around 2000 and 1500 B.C. However, Erez Yosef and Lidar Hen, both of Tel Aviv University’s Department of Archaeology and Near Eastern Cultures state that the animals were not domesticated in Israel until many centuries later. They believe it was closer to 900 B.C.
Not only do they believe this challenges the Bible’s historicity, this archaism is thought to be straight proof that the biblical texts were all written long after the various events that have been described, declared a press release which announced the research that was found.
In order to test the first camel, Hen and Yosef used radiocarbon dating in order to study the oldest known camel bones that had been found in the Arabian Peninsula. Also found were the relics of a copper melting camp located around the Aravah Valley. It runs next to the border of Jordan from the Red Sea over to the Dead Sea.
The camel bones were located inside archaeological deposits which dated from the last part of the 10th century B.C. or even later. That was centuries after the headmen lived and many decades after the Kingdom of David existed, the Bible stated, according to the researchers. The very few camel bones which had been found in much earlier archaeological sheets most likely belonged to wild camels. The archaeologists believe they lived in the region during the Neolithic era or even before that.
Remarkably, each one of the sites that were active in the 9th century inside the Aravah Valley contained camel bones, but not one of the locations which were active any earlier contained them. The introduction of the camel into this region was very important for both social and economic development, stated Yosef. By being able to study the archaeological left overs that were from the copper construction sites inside the Aravah Valley, they were able to figure out the date of when this event occurred in terms of decades instead of looking at it at centuries.
By having domesticated camels arrive in the Middle East helped to encourage trade between Israel and various locations that had been inaccessible any time before, stated the researchers. The camels were able to travel over much farther distances than donkeys or mules. It ended up opening trade routes such as the Incense Road which ran from Africa through Israel to India.
Where the Aravah Valley is located made it a reasonable pathway for camel riders to have trailed. The original arrival of camels is believed to have been the result of Egyptian law at the time. The scientists stated that the domesticated camels ended up making Israel a center of international trade. The archaeologists used radiocarbon dating to identify when domestic camels arrived in the Middle East.
By Kimberly Ruble