Bosnia Conflict Continues to Rage

Bosnia

War, almost two decades gone, has left lingering sentiment for those living in Bosnia. Much has been speculated in the past few days during the “worst civil unrest” seen in Bosnia. The protests have taken place in the capital, Sarajevo, northwestern Bihac, Mostar, and Bugojno regions as the Bosnian conflict continues to rage.

The unrest started this Wednesday in Tuzla.  Violence and anger began to spread after reported factory closures.  Many police officers and protesters were injured during the protest. Allegedly, government buildings have been set on fire. Srecko Latal, analyst in Sarajeva with the Social Overview Service, says it looked like a “war zone.”

The prime minister of the Bosniak-Croat Federation acknowledges some of the concerns which brought rise to this conflict. Workers’ pensions and health benefits have been claimed to be cut or taken completely from employed individuals, but the prime minister claims it was “hooligans” who started the violence in an opportunistic moment. Reuters reports an unemployed protester was seen cleaning up after the riot and was asked to comment on the matter, “now we’ll clean up this mess, like we’ll clean up the politicians who made this happen,” he answered.

The war of the 90′s is remembered during the unrest this week as the conflict continues to rage.  Ended by the Dayton Peace Accord that was signed in 1995, the war was generally considered to have begun during the breakup of Yugoslavia.  The six republics set up within Yugoslavia were of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, and Macedonia . The Bosnian war took place between 1992 and 1995.  Forces of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and individuals with Bosnian Serb and Bosnian Croat groups fought continuously during the civil conflict, and it was not just for the cause of one matter.  Some were fighting in response to the death of Josip Brox Tito.  Others were fighting their own battles.

Most taking part in the war wanted annexation of Bosnia for Serbia and Croatia.  Around 1995 was reportedly a Bosnian Genocide. 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys were killed in Srebrencia. There was an expulsion of almost 30,000 civilians Army of the Republika Srpska (VRS) under command of General Ratko Mladic. There was also an ethnic cleansing that was recorded to include robbery, rape, unlawful confinement, unlawful appropriation and plunder of property, destruction of homes and businesses and places of worship. The specific events were documented in the International Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in a case of the prosecution of Bosnian Serb administration president Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic Bosnian Serb general.

The General Framework Agreement for peace in Bosnia outlined many key grounds for the resolution to the war.  Article one establishes the general obligations for the parties to agree that “establishment of progressive measures for regional stability and arms control is essential to creating a stable peace in the region.” America was both criticized for their delay, and final mediation  in response to what some were claiming was genocide under the law set by the Geneva Convention.  This convention known as the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, was signed in December 1948.

New York Times reports Suad Zeljkovic, prime minister of Sarajevo, claims there is “no unpaid salary, nor does any sector of society have reasons for dissatisfaction.” The damage was severe in the region of Bosnia where raging conflict continues. Burned vehicles  smoked and smoldered through the hours of the riot and violence; appliances and other goods lie in waste as tensions have yet to be resolved.
from Youtube: RuptlyTV

 

By Lindsey Alexander

Sources:

NATO Agreement
New York Times
Reuters 

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