Black Hole MQ1 More Powerful Than Imagined

black hole

The discovery of a black hole, in itself, is nothing new. However, every time astronomers come across one of these kinetic masses of energy, something is learned. This latest entity MQ1, which resides in the galaxy M83, has been studied over the course of the last year. Although once considered too small to be of significance, it is now believed to be exceedingly more powerful and structurally intense than any black hole found in our own galaxy, the Milky Way. These factors may allow for easier study concerning the actual formation of our universe.

Microquasars or black holes are extremely powerful balls of gas and radiation. The gravitational pull of any given black hole is so great that not even light can escape, hence, the origin of the term.  However, at some point, these cosmic wonders do become visible to astronomers and scientists. This comes about as gas and dust are pulled into the hole’s atmosphere causing it to light up with radiation. At the same time as the matter is being pulled inward, excess gas and particles that overfill the black holes are being pushed away by powerful winds known as jets –a simple mass to energy ratio.

It was originally thought that black holes, particularly smaller ones like MQ1, could only produce a limited amount of energy. This was based on a theory known as the Eddington Limit, which in part entertains the idea that only so much radiation can be produced by a microquasar. However, after intense study of MQ1, led by Roberto Soria of the International Center for Radio Astronomy Research, scientists now know that original notion must be altered. The kinetic energy being produced by MQ1 is up to five times greater than ever imagined – with its jets pushing mass outward at roughly the speed of light.

The creation of such a black hole may happen when a star dies, leaving a space of robust gravity in its wake. As gas and particles are pulled inward, the brighter it’s periphery becomes with infrared and radio waves. This helped Soria and his team detect just how powerful MQ1 is, stating: “We have finally shown that even a small [black hole] can be so powerful…” Moreover, the strength with which black holes, such as MQ1, thrust particles and wind outward may actually prevent the formation of potentially nearby stars. The creation of the universe may very well have been impacted by such a theory. Soria, himself, is very much interested in the ”…influence black hole jets have in the evolution of young galaxies…”

Although M83 (MQ1’s host galaxy) is some 15 million light years away, it is considered to be close enough to be examined by scientists. For a while, MQ1 went unnoticed because of its relatively small size. However with the combination of the right tools, this black hole was discovered to be even more powerful than the most dominant black hole in our own galaxy, the Milky Way, with it’s powerful jets pushing out in excess of 20 light years.

By Josh Taub

Sources:
Huffington Post
Science Recorder
NVO News

7 Responses to "Black Hole MQ1 More Powerful Than Imagined"

  1. navanavonmilita   March 3, 2014 at 3:55 am

    There is something in science, the cutting edge scientific discoveries, particularly, that cannot be readily described in an article for non-scientific, general readers. The comments must be weeded out if they reflect more ignorance.

    …and I am Sid Harth

    Reply
  2. Earl Gray   March 2, 2014 at 2:01 pm

    At some point they become visible? Black hole atmospheres? “exceedingly more powerful and structurally intense”?

    In an apparent collision with an over imaginative writer/editor and their over use of a theasaurus, this article has ended up over full of nonsense.

    Reply
    • Michael D   March 2, 2014 at 10:15 pm

      Actually, he is right: black holes do become visible. Well– kind of. Despite popular belief, light can escape some parts of black holes, just not past the event horizon. Rather, if there is a nearby star to the black hole, some matter can be sucked into the gravity of the black hole, heated, and give off light from the event horizon outward. This is usually detected with X-Ray and not visible light, but it is still visible nonetheless.

      Reply
  3. kjkrum   March 2, 2014 at 12:49 pm

    This article is half gibberish.

    Reply
  4. Andrew Palfreyman   March 2, 2014 at 12:25 pm

    ” it’s powerful jets “

    Reply
  5. Ulysee Thompson   March 2, 2014 at 11:15 am

    “kinetic masses of energy”.
    That’s… not something you should say, particularly when referring to a subset of physics.
    Kinetic may refer to force (Newtons or kg*m/s^2) or energy (Joules, kg*m^2/s^2). In no conversion would it make sense to call a mass (kg) “kinetic” or refer to any amount of energy (Joules, kg*m^2/s^2) as a mass. It makes about as much sense as saying “thermal feet of horsepower”.

    Reply
  6. Steven K   March 2, 2014 at 11:01 am

    Shock! Why didn’t you use Hawking’s latest news…? GREY HOLES…NOT BLACK. LOL

    Reply

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