A recent analysis of tree ring records shed a light on how the expansion of Genghis Khan’s Mongolian Empire may have had support from an ongoing climate change, but all that, if paralleled with several other swifts in human habitat and migrations, might suggest it all to be only a small part of a much bigger story. This article will base a lot of its exploration on a Darwinist interpretation of facts and evidence, which is not accepted as truth by all. Out of respect for the different opinions, the author feels obligated to state that up front.
By observing a lot of the biggest changes mankind has faced throughout history, as it has been revealed and documented by scientists on the basis of evolution, as previously mentioned, there’s a lot that might translate into the modern-day progression of the geopolitical environment of not only human beings, but all beings. If viewed through a larger scope, the climate change that gave rise to Genghis Khan might just be a part of a much bigger story between environment and its living beings.
Traces of this pattern of events could potentially be paralleled throughout every example of how species evolve and become extinct and supported with references to the food chain and other often suggested laws of natural selection, but for the sake of this exploration, picking it up from the last glacial maximum would probably serve the purpose. The end of the last Ice Age would probably be considered a potential event of some sort of climate change, and it probably initiated some of the biggest expansions of the modern man aside from the expansion out of Africa itself. People from the Mediterranean and the Middle East migrated into Europe and Western Asia, Central Asian populations that had previously migrated east to Beringia advanced down the entire American continent, while other Central Asian populations expanded to populate Siberia from the Kamchatka peninsula in the east to the Scandinavian peninsula in the west.
Note: The genetic links between Scandinavia and Asia are still a potentially grey area being explored and there is a vivid debate between scientists on the different theories. The Uralic language family has provided some ground for arguments till now.
A lot also changed in the animal kingdom, as the saber-toothed cat and later also the woolly mammoth came to extinction, along with other species.
Another potentially big effect on the environment may have been farming, when vast amounts of land were suddenly altered drastically, and the constant re-fertilization may be at play in the expansion of deserts. Minerals and nutrients absorbed by the harvested plants are by some suggested to drain the soil and eventually leave it dead and dry.
A suggestion of a model might be along the way of:
A group of people living their lives the way they do -> Big Event -> Reconstruction of way of life and/or relocation. A change in the climate is very likely to be a big event and farming as a technological innovation might be either a big event or a reconstruction of a way of life.
If a person might potentially want to explore this suggested idea further, one might consider scouting for any big change in history, a rise or fall of an empire etc. and try to look for a potential big event in the immediate environment, whether climactic, political or other, and then examine the technological revolution. Aside from Genghis Khan, the Roman Empire, the Hunnic expansion, and following the prolonged consequences of the migration period; the Viking raids, might be some fair examples. All those involve some advantage of technology and/or mastery of certain crafts, and potentially a change in climate, environment that somewhere affects life to an extent that tips the stack of geopolitical domino chips. And thus, climate change might be one of the many factors at play that make empire builders like Genghis Khan a part of a much bigger story of evolution, that to many observers is possibly more evident today than ever before.
Opinion by Halldor Fannar Sigurgeirsson