Global warming is an inevitable phenomenon that cannot be denied; according to unquestionable evidence found by researchers at the London School of Hygiene, and Tropical Medicine, and at the University of Michigan, increased temperature can amplify, trigger and spread malaria that can potentially kill millions worldwide. Professor Menno Bouma, along with other researchers, conducted the study on how climate changes trigger malaria that is heightened in areas where the epidemic was not previously seen. The latest study was published in the journal Science.
Progressive global-warming trends have raised malaria-related deaths. Even though control and preventative methods have curbed the rate of the disease by only 23 percent since the turn of the 21st century, malaria continues to be prevalent in places that are getting affected by climate change. Furthermore, according to the researchers’ inclusive data, around 660,000 people internationally succumbed to the disease in 2012, and with amplified global warming currents boosting malaria, additional millions of people are at risk of being killed by the triggering parasite worldwide. The relentlessness of these outbreaks caused by mosquito bites is seen in most of Africa, and also on the Asian continent. The endemic is prevalent in the “malaria belt” region, and the parasite plasmodium is transferred into humans by the mosquito, anopheles.
Global warming continues to have an impact on the planet in a variety of ways. Experts explain that mosquitoes will extensively multiply if the planet continues to get warmer. Not only do epidemics break out in hot areas, it spreads to regions with cold temperatures, as higher elevations become warmer. Moreover, researchers found irrefutable evidence from their latest study that the disease affected Ethiopia and Colombia, known as highland regions. Scientific studies of cases from 1990 to 2005, of both countries, disclose that malaria initially dominated the warmer median elevation regions, however, in hotter years it expanded to the entire higher elevation areas.
According to Mercedes Pascual, from the University of Michigan, and fellow researchers, the insightful evidence discovered is significant in explaining how global warming threatens to kill millions of people by triggering deadly diseases such as malaria. Indisputably, with higher rates of carbon-dioxide emissions in the atmosphere, the augmented green-house gas effect, and other factors that contribute to unending climate change, the Earth is getting hotter every year. Thus, the increase of one degree Celsius means more than three million malaria cases globally.
Moreover, Professor Bouma says people at high altitude lack immunity, therefore they will be exposed to mortality and morbidity by the killing endemic. Ostensibly, children under the age of 15 are more vulnerable to mosquito bites, and the parasite’s saliva carries the lethal ailment. Persistent signs of the sickness include headaches, fever, and in various cases coma and death. It is reported that annually, in the heated regions of the planet’s equator and in other warm areas, an estimated 200 to 300 million people are infected by malaria.
Furthermore, some of the data recorded is not established, because the majority of deadly cases are erroneously measured in developing nations. The leading obstacle of underdeveloped countries is poverty that impedes development and growth. They lack programs that educate on how to curb the deadly diseases, and the effectiveness of such programs is inefficient. Prevention programs against the disease reduced cases of malaria in Singapore. Furthermore, organizations such as the Red Cross and the Gates Foundation are helping out globally with initiatives to prevent and treat such diseases. The World Health Organization reported that unending climate shifts and raised temperatures can also trigger and amplify dengue fever, diarrhea and malnutrition globally.
Additional humanitarian and government assistance is required internationally to combat malaria and comparable diseases. With severe patterns of drought, floods, ice-glaciers melting, volcanoes and extreme climate transformation, global warming is inevitable and has triggered malaria and many comparable diseases that can kill millions worldwide. Climate change is contributing to the factors that can devastate the planet, and the triggering of malaria in high-altitude regions will cause additional people to succumb.
By Iqra Amjad
Follow Iqra Amjad on Twitter