Apart from many adverse health effects, there are some lesser known health effects of smoking as well. It may cause early wrinkles, and accelerate the total aging of skin. Taking each puff causes irreparable skin damage. Just only 10 years of this habit, it’s likely to see the effects in the faces of young adults. Here is some of the harmful effects on the skin:
Cigarette smoking leads to early skin aging. Numerous studies have found that it speeds up skin aging more than experience to sunlight does. The consequence of exposure to sunlight and cigarette smoke together, other studies have reported, is more detrimental than the joint result of either exposure alone. In addition, men are at lower risk than women. A recent University of Michigan study found that smokers showed signs of accelerated aging below the neck and even on their inner arms.
Untimely wrinkling is linked with this habit. Evidence showed that heavy smokers may have more early wrinkles than occasional smokers, and that men’s skin is less affected than women’s.
Skin tissue changing
Several studies reported the skin tissues of non-smokers and smokers as a measure of untimely aging, and found that the consequence was largely noticeable in men. Collagen and elastin are also harmed—the fibers that give skin its strength and elasticity.
Smoking and wound healing
Puffing tobacco decrease the capability of the skin to repair wounds and regenerate. This is largely apparent in patients who are undergoing a surgery. A cigarette has nicotine, which causes vasoconstriction. When the blood vessels are being constricted, the blood that they transport throughout the body is lesser, thus, the amount of nutrients needed for the skin to regenerate is reduced. In addition, carbon monoxide is the other toxic component that cuts the flow of oxygen in the body, and the amount of oxygen required for the broken cells to regenerate.
Unmoisturized skin might take on a red, flaky or scaly appearance. Available proof suggests that the habit decreases moisture in the skin. Another study revealed that females who smoked above 10 cigarettes every day had expressively lower mean moisture values than non-smokers.
Skin blood flow
Smoking decreases skin blood flow by rising the discharge of vasopressin hormone. Vasopressin is formed naturally by humans, and lowers blood flow. Researches have reported that concentrations of vasopressin in the blood increase straightaway after having a cigarette. This habit narrows the tiny blood vessels in the outermost layers of skin that decreases blood flow. This depletes the skin of oxygen and nutrients that are essential to skin health.
Smoking rockets skin cancer risk. Pipe and cigarette smokers, a Dutch study showed, were in double risk as likely as non-smokers to progress squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, when other risk factors (for example, age and sun exposure) were taken into account. The same study showed that present smokers were expected to grow the condition more than former smokers.
Psoriasis is a scarce skin condition characterized by the formation of silvery, plaque-like scales on the arms and legs, mainly at the knees and elbows. A 2007 study found that if one cigarette pack is smoked per day for ten years or less, psoriasis risk increases 20 percent. Even secondhand smoke during pregnancy or childhood is linked to a higher risk.
These are only some of the detrimental effects on the skin. Surprisingly, there are more of them that may take place immediately or after some time. The effects on the skin, however, can never be concealed especially after a long time of smoking.
By Rahad Abir