Ocean pollution could be the worst form of pollution and the actual death of Earth. This is because it goes on, continued without notice. The gasoline company, BP, made a major dilemma for public affairs not long ago when they filled up the gulf with raw oil, killing or affecting hundreds of thousands of creatures, conceivably more. The National Ocean Service describes how oil really impacts marine life.
Not only is oil harmful for sea dwellers, but birds and other mammals can also be affected. Sea otters and other fur-bearing creatures lose their water “repellency” when they are exposed to oil, leaving them entirely vulnerable, and making them unable to withstand the weather. After losing the ability to repel water molecules, birds and other mammals die from hypothermia if not rescued and treated by emergency crews.
Oil and most forms of ocean pollution can be ingested, leading to death by poison. Though fish and shellfish are not usually exposed to the oil spills immediately, they could eventually come into contact with the contaminated water. Oil has been linked to cancers, and conditions that even affect aquatic life. Some of these illnesses include respiration changes, enlarged livers, reduced growth, heart rate changes, fin erosion, and reproduction impairment. Oil can also pose detrimental harm to eggs and larval survival rates.
The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) posits over a billion people actually lack access to potable water, and somewhere around two billion do not have adequate sanitation, putting them at risk of deadly or life-long diseases. The author claims that many industries and products that make human life possible are really affecting the health of the world. By the year 2000 allegedly, the world’s chemical production had increased by 400 times since 1930.
Chemicals make modern life possible, but they also contaminate landscapes around the world. Many chemicals are often believed to exist as particulates or pollutants, but no laboratory is properly set up to detect all substances harming the environment. The danger is always present, even if not realized by the general public. This is why ocean pollution can, and perhaps will, be the death of Earth and its inhabitants.
Pollution can travel around the globe, very great distances, by air or bodies of animals who absorb chemicals through the skin or through ingestion. These chemicals for example, birth control pills, are then eliminated and released into the water systems, spreading to nearby habitats and even readmitted into human supply.
Ocean litter and pollution comes from many sources. Examples cited by WWF include barrels that fall off ships during rough weather, trash articles and other waste. Garbage can wash away from cities and impervious zones bringing pollutants and chemicals into streams and rivers–many of which connect to the ocean.
Landfills contain such hazardous waste, when heavy rains soak these parts of land, waste blows into streams or directly into the ocean. After these toxins and waste products enter the ocean, animal and aquatic life greatly suffers. Everything leads to the ocean. Once the ocean goes, so too do humans.
After foreign objects reach the ocean, they degrade over time and release even more hazardous chemicals or compounds into the waters. Physical pieces can snag, or otherwise kill creatures in the waters, and can also get washed up onto shore, killing other forms of wildlife. If people do not want to see the death of Earth, ocean pollution must be stopped immediately, at all costs.
Opinion By Lindsey Alexander