The May 2014 elections to be held in South Africa will mark the powerful rule of the African National Congress (ANC) party for the last 20 years. The ANC became so powerful after a series of secretive meetings between the leaders of their organization and the dominant members of the secret society, the Broederbond of South Africa. The Broederbond, a political party of South Africa, was established after a devastating Boer war during 1918, and before apartheid was introduced into the law of the country and consisted of a secret group of members who constantly established the right to protect Afrikaner values, protecting the culture and ensuring there was political domination.
Women, irrespective of their religious beliefs, who did not attend church regularly were denied membership of the Broederbond of South Africa. The Broederbond formed before the apartheid era began and had strict rules for its members. Any white male accepted into the Broederbond had to ensure that they did not marry an English-speaking white woman or a woman of another color. Selective membership remained the forefront of this select group. In fact, women were banned from joining the elite group called the Broederbond and only the wives of the most prominent members could partake in assignments but could never attend the secret meetings.
The motto of the established Broederbond is “Be Strong” and the members who successfully met the brave challenge of the motto belonged to an elite caste of the privileged, powerful and politically influential Afrikaners.
The former president of South Africa, FW De Klerk, was inducted to the Broederbond during 1964 at the age of 27. Most politicians were members of the secret society and the exclusive membership included prominent officers of the South African Defense Force. The secret group held the monopoly of influential business by including top ranking management into their fold. Civil service departments, universities, transport, broadcasting and legal entities were among the corporate holdings of the Broederbond.
The Broederbond remained a powerful force within the structures of the South African political power. During the 1980s, changes had to happen in South Africa and the powerful leaders had to ensure peace and stability were the focal point of avoiding a full scale civil war. The Broederbond had no intention of disbanding their organization despite calls from the government to negotiate with the ANC. The Broederbond believed the ANC was influenced by the South African Communist Party, and they wanted this alliance severed.
During 1986, the Chairman of the Broederbond had a meeting with ANC leaders overseas. Influential leaders of both political parties held twelve secret meetings between 1986 and May 1990. The meetings were financed by the chairperson of a British mining company, Consolidated Goldfields, who held a majority subsidiary in South Africa.
Wimpie De Klerk, brother of former South African president FW De Klerk, played a pivotal role in engaging meetings to forge a political breakthrough to bring the ruling National Party and the ANC into a bond of friendship. At that time, Jacob Zuma, Thabo Mbeki and Aziz (Pahad) were among the selected individuals who had privy to the confidential information. Great secrecy about the meetings continued until such time as the two powerful groups could convey the proposals to both parties.
Wimpie De Klerk submitted a memorandum to the secretary of the Broederbond and in August 1990, a meeting of the Executive Council (EC) took place. During the meeting, a spokesperson made reference to the challenges a new South Africa would offer and said that a holistic concept should be adopted to consist of one entire entity. The continued terrorist strikes against the apartheid regime and international sanctions were unsustainable. A change had to happen, and the ANC gained significant support among the black people of the country, which threatened the stability of South Africa. A recommended parliament formation of two chambers was tabled as well as the acceptance of allowing the majority of participants to be black. The right-wing Afrikaners at the time were opposed to negotiations, and the EC did not conduct talks with the group.
The Broederbond remained determined to maintain a certain amount of top positions within the new government structure and private enterprises. The right wing Conservative party said the Broederbond was addicted to power, and their only concern was to salvage whatever they might from the mess made by their secret society and the government.
The ANC party said the Broederbond had only one goal, and that was to secure a future for the Afrikaners. It is clear that the steps taken by FW De Klerk were fully in line with the proposal of the Broederbond.
The April 1994 elections brought the ANC party into power after several years of tough negotiations. The transformation of the new South Africa into a democratic country dismantled the apartheid law and gave freedom to the majority of people.
By Laura Oneale