A new scientific theory states that the universe really should not even exist. Conditions soon after the Big Bang occurred propose that the universe should have collapsed just micro-seconds after its volatile birth. The research report co-author, Robert Hogan, who works as a doctoral applicant in physics in London, stated that during the time of the early universe, they expected cosmic inflation. That was a rapid enlargement of the universe just after the Big Bang. This growth created a large shake-up and if things are shook too much, they could open up a new energy space, which could make the entire universe collapse.
Physicists came to such a conclusion from a model which accounted for the material of the recently discovered Higgs boson particle. It had been thought this particle might be able to explain how other particles got their mass. Faint hints of gravitational waves also created at the origin of the universe also helped aid in clues to the deduction.
However there had to be something missing from all these calculations. Hogan stated that because everyone is here talking about it, that means theories must be discovered to figure out why the collapse did not happen. One possibility is that during the scorching flash right after the prehistoric Big Bang explosion, matter sprinted outward at extremely quick speeds in a process known as cosmic inflation. This twisted and pressed space-time, made ripples known as gravitational waves that also warped radiation which moved through the entire universe.
Although these events would have happened nearly 14 billion years ago, a telescope which is located at the South Pole recently identified faint traces of cosmic inflation in the background called microwave radiation which saturates the universe. This is known as characteristically curled or twisted waves called B-mode patterns.
However gravity was not the only force at work in the early universe. A pervasive energy field, known as the Higgs field, infiltrated the universe and gave mass to the particles that trekked through the field. Scientists were able to find this betraying sign of that field back in 2012, when they finally discovered the Higgs boson and then were able to figure out its mass.
When they did this, what they discovered was actually bad news for, well, everything. The brand-new universe should have experienced a powerful jittering in its energy field, which would have been known as quantum fluctuation. Those agitations then disrupted the Higgs field and basically caused the entire system to move into a much lower energy state that would make collapsing of the universe unavoidable.
Hogan declared in a mind bending statement that there had to be some new kind of physics that scientists have yet to put their theories into, because they have not been able to discover them. Um, okay. One primary possibility, which is known as the theory of super-symmetry, suggests that there are super-partner particles for each of the currently recognized particles, and perhaps even more powerful particle accelerators might be able to find these particles.
The theory of cosmic inflation is still hypothetical, and some physicists even believe that what looked like ancient gravitational waves may really be cosmic dust signals, stated Sean Carroll, who is a physicist in California. He explained that if the specifics of cosmic inflation change, then Hogan’s model would have to change as well.
The mass of the Higgs boson, which is 126 times heavier than that of the proton, turns out to be right on the edge in terms of stability for the universe. If it had been even a bit lighter, the Higgs field would be much more easily disturbed; just a tad heavier, and the field would be extremely stable, in fact too much so. The research report was printed up in the most recent edition of the science journal Physical Review Letters.
The new theory states that the universe really should not even exist. Conditions soon after the Big Bang occurred propose that the universe should have collapsed just micro-seconds after its volatile birth.
By Kimberly Ruble
Live Science News