Iraq Crisis Full of Broken Promises

Iraq

During a press conference earlier today, President of the United States Barack Obama announced that U.S. will send up to 300 military advisers to Iraq. The main reason for this announcement, is the extreme bloodshed and violence from the extremist militant group known as Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS). Iraq nation is full of broken promises that never truly materialized, these promises are freedom and democracy and the recent crisis roots from the deceit that many Iraqi’s faced.

The recent announcement by the U.S. government is aimed at helping the Iraqi forces prepare for the military action that is necessary to fight the growing threat from ISIS. Obama had also announced that while the U.S. forces will not be returning to combat in Iraq, they will train the Iraqi military and take targeted military actions if there is a need.

During the 2008 presidential election, Obama emphasized the importance of the withdrawal of troops from Iraq and one month after his inauguration, Obama announced that the U.S. involvement in Iraq would end within 18 months. The good news spread across the country, which allowed the U.S. government to begin increasing the amount of troops that were deployed to Afghanistan. The greatest misfortune however lies with the thousands of soldiers and Iraqi citizens that died between 2003 to 2012.

The invasion of Iraq was deemed necessary by George W. Bush following years of international conflict and more specifically following the 9/11 attacks. Iraqi leader at the time, Saddam Hussein, was believed to have ties with Al-Qaeda. These allegations were later found to be untrue, as Hussein was distrustful of Al-Qaeda and never provided support for the organization. However, between the years of 2002 and 2003, it was believed that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction and was helping terrorist organizations across the globe. In his State of the Union address, Bush called several countries, including Iraq, an “Axis of Evil.”

The overt hostility of the U.S. at the time supported the claims that Saddam Hussein and Iraq were supporters of terror. Development of nuclear and chemical weapons by the Iraqi government and their hindrance of  internal inspections had put the Middle Eastern nation under scrutiny. Bush called for an invasion in order to fight terrorism and bring peace to Iraq. A year after his State of the Union address, U.S. led the invasion of Iraq and toppled the Hussein government. George W. Bush administration has unknowingly begun the crisis in Iraq, when they had made a promise that they would eventually break.

With promises of democracy and freedom, the United States allowed Iraqi citizens to vote for the leaders that were pre-approved. Much of the activity within the Iraqi government was controlled while the freedom and democracy never truly materialized. As the years went on, Iraq became a nation full of the broken promises which led to the current crisis in Iraq. The three different ethnic groups that were forced to get along were now turned against each other.

As the United States pulled their troops out of Iraq, escalation of violence occurred. While ISIS gained strength, U.S. broke its final promise as was outlined by the Biden-Obama plan. The promise to “help create lasting stability in Iraq.”

Iraq is a nation in crisis, full of broken promises made by outside governments. The help that will arrive with 300 U.S. military advisers may very well be a another promise that will be broken.

Opinion by Ivelina Kunina

Sources:
Miller Center University of Virgina
Intelligence
Change
CNN
Times of India
International Business Times
Time
Bloomberg
BBC

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