Iraq’s Islamic militant, Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, called for a separate state in Iraq last Friday after locking down almost the entire western region of the country. Al-Baghdadi is an Islamic Sunni leader of a militia party called the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, (ISIS). The ISIS movement came into fruition after the Iraqi government failed to respond to the Islamic Sunni rebels forceful land seizures.
The insurgent Sunni leader and his rebels have controlled the western and northern region of Iraq, since they took over the region many months ago. Prior to occupying the north-western region, ISIS rebels had swarmed into Iraq’s capital Baghdad in a failed attempt to seize the city. Iraqi security officials said because Baghdad is a town with many Shiite supporters, they were able to scare off ISIS when rebels took stronghold of Baghdad. However, security officers had not been successful in any of their offensive strategies to reclaim Iraq’s western and northern territories.
Sources said the Iraqi insurgents joined forces with Syrian rebels and formed the ISIS, which has taken over cities in Syria and Iraq. According to sources, Iraq’s security forces are not large enough to overthrow the Sunni insurgents.
Iraq’s Islamic militant Al-Baghdadi called for a separate state in the northern and western parts of Iraq mainly because all of their Sunni rebels and affiliates inhabit the entire region. Al-Baghdadi and members of ISIS have built a fortress of manpower within the occupied territories that stretch across Iraq and into Syria. Moreover, Middle Eastern political conflicts and hostile rebel takeovers do not come that much of a surprise for many people. For more than a decade now the country has been severely separated into unequal fractions by Islamic leaders of the Shiites, the Sunnis and the Kurds.
On July 3, two U.S. top officials discussed diplomatic solutions to the “turmoil in the country” and their plans to reexamine the escalating conflicts in Iraq. “Although the deployed American soldiers will not go into combat,” said U.S. Defense Secretary, Chuck Hagel, “there are 200 military advisers on the ground in Iraq assessing the situation and giving support to Iraqi troops.” U.S. Army General Martin Dempsey stated there are more than 750 U.S. troops and international forces combined in Iraq, whose main priority is giving peaceful solutions to the Iraqi government.
The Iraqi citizens thought Iraq was making changes for the betterment of the country, after Iraq deposed of Saddam Hussein and had its first Parliamentary and Presidential election, in 2005. Yet, the remaining evidence of a war torn country suggests there are many religious and political disparities existing between the Sunnis and the Shiites. Sources said Iraq officials feel threatened by the mounting Sunni regiments and their supporters, who have turned the country upside down.
Al-Baghdadi and the ISIS, who have forcefully occupied the major cities in, both the northern and western parts of Iraq, have terrorized the Iraqi citizens, sources said.
On June 10, Al-Baghdadi joined alliances with other jihadists groups and dissidents to take over Masul, the second largest city in Iraq. With major cities Falluja and Raqqa, already seized by ISIS, the latest takeover dealt a significant blow to Iraqi authorities.
As western officials begin to evaluate the predicament in Iraq, Islamic militant leader Al-Baghdadi calls for a separate state may be falling on death ears. Displaced Iraqi citizens were most affected by the turmoil and are in dire need of shelters and medical attention. It is yet not known whether an airstrike against ISIS insurgents will be part of the solution of regaining control of the occupied regions.
By Kimakra Nealy