Antibiotics Resistance Becoming More of an Issue

antibiotics

Resistance to antibiotics is become much more of an issue now. Many believe that this is due to people being prescribed the medication, even when they do not necessarily need it. Doctors are being urged to avoid this type of medication unless absolutely necessary.

The control of antibiotics has also shown positives for children in hospital. Reports show that more children remain home after a hospital visit due to the cutback on the amount of medication offered. Some reports even suggest that some children leave hospital sooner because of it.

In the United Kingdom, the Public Health England found that antibiotic prescriptions rose by six percent from 2010 to 2013. Half of those were considered inappropriate due to the symptoms of the patients. Now it is leading to bacteria becoming resistant to the medication, meaning that people are more likely to suffer more and possibly die as the bacteria continues to grow.

Millions of lives have been saved since the creation of antibiotics, and they certainly still have their place. There are a number of illnesses that cannot be cured in any other way. However, there is the risk that the problems of the dark ages will become an issue again if more and more bacteria becomes resistant to them. The only way to avoid that happening is by cutting back on the amount of them being prescribed to patients. They should only be used as a last resort, and not as the first port of call.

The Public Health England report shows that resistance against antibiotics has become much more of an issue. The amount of E.coli that is now resistant has risen to 12 percent.

Jason Newland, MD, from Missouri’s Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, also found that the number of children being readmitted to hospital could be reduced. Those who were not given the medication for non-chronic complex care issues, which arose without other medical conditions, were not readmitted within the first 30 days of their release. In total, 176 children benefitted from doctors avoiding the medication. On the other hand, 3.4 percent of 88 children given the medication were readmitted.

While the 3.4 percent is really only two to three readmissions, it is still higher compared to the zero readmissions without antibiotics. There were also a smaller number of children given the medications, so the results are significant.

A number of hospitals have now started using “stewardship programs” as a way to cut back on the number of this type of medication being prescribed. While it can be effective, doctors are only able to prescribe it when there is a good enough reason. If there are possible other ways to treat a problem, they will be used first.

Previous studies have shown the stewardship programs useful for reducing the resistance, but now a study has shown that it can reduce the time children spend in hospital. This is just another reason to reduce the number of this type of medication prescribed by doctors. It makes more sense considering resistance to antibiotics is becoming more and more of an issue.

By Alexandria Ingham

Sources:

BBC

U.S. News

Medpage Today

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