The change in the world’s climatic conditions is drawing concerns from experts and layman equally around the globe. Extreme weather has been a topic of everyone’s conversation and is a serious issue that is compelling experts to take drastic practical steps in the direction. It is such a vast issue that affects nearly every sphere of human life, needed to be analyzed and taken care of from multiple perspectives.
Scientists, politicians, social workers, activists, environmentalists, all need to get together on a common platform to address the issue. There are many parts of the world that see unbearably hot weather and some parts see harsh cold and yet many regions experience extreme climate at both ends.
Even in the middle of November, people across United States are complaining record low temperatures in fall across 43 states. In northern regions people were surrounded as much as seven inches of snow. On the other side of globe, many countries experienced the hottest summers ever.
Many scientists predicted to have challenges in preventing temperatures from rising the 3.6 degree Fahrenheit in the coming year. The World Bank has warned that not taking any haste practical steps may cause global temperatures to rise by 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit by 2060.
Floods, tsunamis, rising sea levels, melting ice sheets and glaciers, hurricanes are one climate extreme, whereas polar vertex kind of temperatures are another. Natural catastrophes have implications on geopolitical situation, wars, political instability, even crime and terrorism.
In Peru, October was the hottest on record and predicted to have record breaking summers ahead. Looking at the situation, in Lima, Peru, United Nations Climate Change Convention is being held and will continue for two week. In the Conference, the target is to reduce the emission by drafting country’s own national plan and procedures. The agreement is to be signed in 2015 in Paris.
United States, China and European Union have already been proactive in order to reduce their emissions. United States agreed to take measures to limit emissions to 26-28 percent by 2025. European Union will drop back by 40 percent and China would take additional measures when its level reach the highest point by 2030.
Mexico is another major country who, facing the increased threats of climatic change, has stepped up to take challenge of curbing the problem. Mexico is one of the biggest emitter of carbon dioxide and is targeted at decrease the emissions significantly by 2020 by formulating federal and state laws. It is one of the few countries to pass a climate change law that reduces emissions, using of natural sources for energy, tree plantation and recycling.
These laws, programs and commitments by Mexico and other major countries are expected to trigger other countries to device their own programs and procedures to control climatic effects. In fact, there is a whole series of countries who have not yet stepped up to take any measures.
There is no doubt that climate changes are drawing concerns all over the world and many procedural steps are being taken at government levels. This is just the beginning, there is a long way to go before the world could be a cleaner, climatically stable and healthier place to breathe in.
By Atika Jilani