Warmer climate is expected in the following year, 2015, as suggested by climate experts. The world climate will already depend on how much humanity would reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. However, the task is gigantic and that is something that challenges the global leaders with urgency.
Year 2015 is a significant year with regard to climate change since reports suggest weather will be much warmer than it was decades ago. Changes in climate are mostly blamed to many countries which lack political will and are taking no action. It is anticipated that the poor nations will suffer more, and those located adjacent to coastlines.
According to the yearly global forecast of Met Office, warmer climate is expected in 2015 with a global mean temperature of 0.52 °C to 0.76 °C. The central estimate figure is 0.64 °C.
That is more than the 0.43 °C to 0.71 °C range and central estimate of 0.57 °C, which ran from 1961 to 1990; and of the 0.22 °C to 0.46 °C range – 0.34 °C central estimate from 1981 to 2010. This possible rise of global mean temperature next year is based on the current warming in the Pacific Ocean, the warmth of the Arctic, rising concentrations of greenhouse gas and weak El Nino conditions.
While this year has a mean global temperature of 0.57 °C, recorded as the warmest year, 2015 will also become the warmest year on record. It is then urgent to take appropriate action, otherwise, low-lying states like South Pacific’s Marshall Islands might be drowned by surging waters, while other catastrophes might occur.
Earth has many types of greenhouse gases, with a lot of carbon dioxide, which stops the heat from escaping the planet’s atmosphere, and hence, the main culprit of the greenhouse effect or global warming. Humans contribute to this greenhouse gases by allowing automobile and industrial emissions, which increase levels of carbon dioxide that eventually cause global warming.
Many countries already have observed uncanny climate and weather conditions. Researchers conclude that the warmer climate in 2015 will adversely impact agriculture, leading to more expensive food prices.
Reducing the gas emissions in the planet is becoming insufficient. There is a need for a technology that can remove the bulky carbon dioxide from Earth’s atmosphere. This is collectively called “air capture,” where chemical strategies are used to do the job and this system is already tested and set up for industrialization. When fully industrialized, it will cost $20 per ton.
At $20 per ton, it will cost the world $7.8 trillion to eliminate 50 parts per million of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and return to the “safe” 350 ppm level. When civilization just started, the Earth’s atmosphere had 275 ppm carbon dioxide level. It is constantly adding up, recently with an alarming 2 ppm per year, that resulted to a warmer climate. Unless this century quickly acts, the current 400 ppm carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will reach a point where irreversible impacts of climate change will spin beyond human control.
As every person will be affected by the warmer climate that is expected in 2015, and the situation to address climate change is extremely urgent, solutions are called for and everyone is enjoined to cooperate. Reducing carbon dioxide through reduction of fossil fuel emissions, energy conservation and increasing efficiency still hold true. The most important thing to address warmer climate is for government officials to lead and everyone taking part of the action.
By Judith Aparri
Photo courtesy of Andrea Della Adriano – Flickr License