The negotiations on the nuclear deal between the United States (US) and Iran has gained a lot of traction in recent days, and could be achieved sooner rather than later. The deal with Iran would allow them to develop their own nuclear technology after ten years as well as lift economic sanctions. The problem with the nuclear technology that Iran would develop is whether or not they will wait ten years to start. There is also concern on whether they will try to develop a nuclear bomb. France has come out and demanded that the negotiations bar Iran from creating an atomic bomb, but in reality their would be very little any country could do to stop them from producing a nuclear arsenal once the technology is available.
The French government are not the only ones that worry about the nuclear negotiations between Iran and the US. Israel was Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was quite vocal about his opposition to the deal. Most of the US government is against the negotiations with Iran as well. Led by Republican Senator Tom Cotton, 46 of his fellow Republican Senators have sent an open letter to the leadership of Iran. The letter stated that any nuclear deal struck between Iran and the US would be considered just an executive agreement that could be repealed by Congress or dismissed by the following President.
The letter, while technically correct, is not necessarily an accurate representation of how an executive agreement works let alone how one would be overturned. While treaties are negotiated by the executive branch and must be ratified by a two-thirds Senate vote, an executive agreement does not need to be approved by congress. The only way that an executive agreement could be overturned is if a future president decides to reverse the decision. Another fact that these Republican Senators over looked was the fact that the deal is also being brokered by other members of the United Nations Security Committee. This would mean that any future modifications to the agreement that Congress would want to make would have to be approved by all countries involved. It would appear as though many of these Senators could use a lesson in international law. Not only would any breach in the agreement could very well violate international law, but it would be a major blow to US credibility when dealing with foreign powers in the future.
With the nuclear deal negotiations in place with Iran the question becomes, is this the right decision. The country is looking to become a major power again in the Middle East, and a nuclear program would definitely give them a leg up on many countries in the region. They are reported in being interested in invading Iraq. With the US withdrawing all of its troops from the region this has created a large vacuum in the area. This void is currently causing wide-spread chaos in the Middle East, mostly due to the militant group ISIS. It might not be a terrible idea to have Iran as a powerful ally in the region, but then again they have a long anti-US history. This dilemma was bound to happen after the poorly planned invasion of Iraq and the toppling of Saddam Hussei’s regime, but if we can smooth over our troubled past with Iran it could be possible that we can see stability in the region in the near future.
By James Dixson