It has grown apparent to NASA scientists, if human beings are ever going to colonize the Moon or Mars, it begins with the vital production of water and oxygen. Mars, a planet rich with carbon-dioxide has the potential to reform its volatile atmosphere to a life-sustaining, earth-like atmosphere. The Moon’s surface will be tested for traces of oxygen and hydrogen in aspiration to forming water, a project closer in proximity and lower in cost. Both missions are formally known as “in-situ resource utilization,” or IRSU missions, reiterating their need for self-resourced production.
Thanks to Earth’s gravitational pull, and the insane resources and distances required, transporting these vital liquids and gases are dismissed as impossible. Scientists believe they can harbor resources from the Moon and Mars to create oxygen and water on their surfaces. If NASA scientists can accomplish these goals, they agree it will be the greatest space accomplishment since the 1969 Moon landing.
For the Moon’s lunar mission, NASA is scheduled to launch a lunar rover in 2o18. It will be equipped with tools to dig through the loose surface soil, heating the soil to high vaporizing temperatures hopefully revealing traces of hydrogen and oxygen. The rover will also be equipped with tools to combine the two elements upon their discovery, to excitingly condense the vapor into water. In recent developments, photo evidence suggests water ice formed the surface of the moon, the new lunar rover will be directed to these areas.
As NASA begins producing water on the Moon, it will begin oxygen production in the atmosphere of Mars. Engineers are conducting a mechanical rover, Curiosity’s successor, that by theory will filter the Martian planet’s carbon dioxide into oxygen. The Mar’s rover would be required to filter the red planet’s dust and debris but the transaction seems promising. Scientists admit the chemical necessities for both projects are basic chemistry but the real dilemma is the unforeseen circumstance of space. NASA scientists know too well when you’re in space, when you’re on the Moon, or when you’re on Mars, things do not happen in these alien environments like they do on Earth; anything is possible.
NASA scientists agree that if the Mars and Moon IRSU missions are successful, the future of space project would encompass the IRSU philosophy. More in numbers, larger in size, IRSU projects directed at producing oxygen and water will be the nucleus for NASA’s space program. Astronauts need water and oxygen to live and if the Moon and Mars are capable of creating some of these resources on a regular basis, the benefit to NASA and its astronauts is undeniable.
As NASA begins production of water on the Moon and Oxygen on Mars, admittedly we are witnessing the first seeds planted by human beings for colonizing these environments. If human beings want to one day live on these planets, it starts with making them habitable. That means a water rich environment suitable for carbon based lifeforms and a breathable atmosphere full of oxygen. These recent developments will have NASA enthusiasts pumped and excited for developing stories.
By Zane Foley