By Kyra Hall
Becoming a parent for some is so easy that it can happen on accident, but for others, there are complications that make having a child nearly impossible. There are countless couples struggling with fertility issues in the United States. Despite their best efforts, having a child will be nearly impossible for many of them. For infertile couples, there is a solution in the form of surrogate parenthood. In a surrogate arrangement, a woman is implanted with an embryo that contains either the sperm, egg or both of an infertile couple. The woman carries the baby to term, and then the child goes home with loving parents who would never have been able to have a child otherwise. The surrogate mother is compensated, and the parents get the child they have waited so long for. It sounds like a wonderful arrangement for all involved, but there are many pitfalls and headaches involved in surrogate parenting.
For a start, the laws concerning surrogacy are managed at the state level. Laws vary from state to state and are contradictory. California is one of the only states to have stable, clear-cut surrogacy laws and is therefore the best place to carry out a surrogacy contract. In order to avoid scams of custody battles, the parents and the surrogate must come to a contractual agreement on many points. The surrogate must be contractually obligated to take necessary steps for a healthy pregnancy. Many parents will simply come to collect their child after the surrogate has given birth, but this can lead to improper care of their baby in-utero.
A healthy pregnancy is crucial for the child’s health later in life, and parents should endeavor to ensure that their surrogate is taking proper steps to deliver a healthy child. The issues surrounding medical privacy and surrogate parenthood are complex, which is why a contract between the parent’s and the surrogate is crucial, as is the follow-up that ensures the surrogate has not violated the agreements made. Surrogacy is a great tool for infertile couples, but couples must take steps to protect themselves and their future child from harm.
This process is becoming more widespread as infertile and even homosexual couples are using surrogates to carry their babies.