Iraq: Politically One of the Largest Divisions of State in the Middle East


Iraq has one of the largest political divisions of state in the entire Middle East. Tension levels remain high in Iraq, as self-declared Islamic leaders and insurgent military commanders continually overthrow Iraqi security forces and seize major cities all over Iraq.  After defeating Iraqi security troops in ground battles, thousands of rebels in Iraq have seized many Iraqi army bases and now occupy these fortresses as they wait for Iraqi troops to retaliate.

Meanwhile, leaders of the rebellion army send out lucid announcements over the most popular radio stations stating their reasons for overthrowing the central Iraqi government. Many of the explanations given by Islamic insurgents revolve around their claims of capturing land in order to ensure the progress of the area’s Sunni communities.

Recently, Muslim Leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, voiced a series of announcements over public radio air waves making the declaration reference to reform a sovereign state in western Iraq. The ISIS terrorist cells are largely responsible for the massive land takeovers in Iraq. ISIS, a once small group of Sunni deviants, developed into an enormous military campaign of rebels last month, after the Sunni militant ISIS leader, Al-Baghdadi stormed into Baghdad, Iraq.

Iraq has one of the largest political divisions of state in the Middle East, which is evident in the revolt that took place in the heart of Baghdad last month. Iraqi security officers fought hard against the Sunni rebels over the central district of Iraq. The Iraqi troops won the first battle between the insurgent Sunni rebels, and the current governmental office was able to maintain control of capital city Baghdad. As Sunni ISIS militants stretched out into the western region of Iraq, security forces have not been able to do more than retreat from the deadly strategies of ISIS soldiers.

Leaders of the central government in Iraq have accused their northern allies both President Massoud Barzani and President Jalal Talabani of catering to ISIS militants as they seized Iraq’s western interior in a month-long military campaign. Although officials in Northern Iraq denied any involvement in aiding Sunni insurgents to overthrow the Iraqi government, there have been no rebuttals on the accusations of harboring the Sunni leader of ISIS Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, who now occupies the entire western region of Iraq.

The political and religious differences between northern Iraq and central Iraq first occurred in 1992. Later on, the country was demographically and geographically split up during a civil war that broke out in 1996. The result was a reformation of two separate governments in the northern region of Iraq that identified themselves as the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK).

Since 2005, the northern region of Iraq has been spearheaded by President Barzani, who remains the active KDP president of both northern regions. Iraq’s central government called on President Barzani to support their offensive strategy by deploying some of his Peshmerga military troops. Much of the suspicion and blame has fallen on President Barzani because he has not made any effort to assist the central government of Iraq round-up the Muslim rebels responsible for taking over the western front.

Recently, the Muslim leader announced their regional plans to form a sovereign state of northern Iraq which will ultimately be independent of central Iraq. The new referendum indicates that Iraq will eventually have one of the largest political divisions of state in the Middle East. Furthermore, if President Barzani’s plans are hashed out then the following cities: Mosul, Arbil, Kirkuk, Tikrit, Al Qa’im, and Sulaymaniyah would no longer be considered under the same governmental jurisdiction as central Iraq.

By Kimakra Nealy

NY Times
Boston Herald 
NPR News

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