Heart Attacks Better in Nebraska

 Heart Attacks

 Nebraska is one of the best places to have a heart attack.

Thanks to better teamwork between first responders and hospitals, people who have a heart attack in Lincoln, Nebraska will reach the cardiac unit faster than the national average.  The time it takes from entering the hospital to the time when a catheter is inserted into a clogged artery is called the “door to balloon” time.  The national average is 90 minutes.  In Lincoln it is 43.9 minutes.

Since 2010, first responders have had the technology to send information directly to the cath lab.  This allows patients to bypass tests in the emergency room.

Answers.com reports that about 100,000 people die from heart attacks each year in the U.S., According to Wikipedia.  It is estimated that in Australia, that figure may be as high as one million.  More than 260,000 people suffer a heart attack in the UK annually, but a third of them died before they can get to a hospital.

If you are going to have a heart attack, better have it in Nebraska.

Heart attacks often lead to cardiac arrest, because the heart is starved of oxygen.

The Mayo Clinic says that the heart depends upon coronary arteries supplying it with blood rich in oxygen.  But arteries can become narrowed by the buildup of substances such as cholesterol.  These kinds of buildups are known as plaques.  A heart attack can cause one of these plaques to rupture.  When that happens cholesterol is spilled into the blood stream.  This causes a blood clot to form at the site of the rupture.  The body is trying to fix the injured blood vessel.

A large blood clot completely halts the will flow of blood.  Such a blockage is referred to as “coronary thrombosis.” This loss of blood supply, or spasm, leads to the demise of a heart muscle.

Heart attacks happen when a coronary artery, which supplies blood to the heart muscle, has a blood clot, a blockage which is termed “coronary thrombosis,” prevents blood supply to the heart.

A heart attack can also be caused by a spasm of a coronary artery, caused by the use of such drugs as cocaine.  This kind of spasm can be life-threatening

Other causes of a heart attack are a tear in the artery, tumors or small blood clots from other parts of the body, or simply a decrease in blood flow due to low blood pressure.  Low blood pressure can be brought on by shock.

Men have more heart attacks than women, although researchers in this field do not have an answer for that.

If you’re lucky enough to be in Nebraska when this happens, you are far less likely to die before you reach the hospital.  And you are also less likely to die between the time the ambulance arrives at the hospital and when the heart attack victim receives critical care.

How does a heart attack relate to a stroke?  A stroke is caused by a pulsation of the heart, which causes blood to stop flowing to a particular part of the brain.  This is also the result of a blockage or rupture of a blood vessel leading to impairment of brain function.  This is also cause by a blockage in or rapture of a blood vessel.

Although the symptoms of a stroke may disappear within less than 24 hours, the neurological impairments of a stroke are long-lasting. The severity of the impairments depends on how much damage there is, and on the part of the brain that is affected.  Among the effects of stroke are impairment of speech, dementia, memory loss, depression, and even a medical condition known as Pseudobulbar affect, which is characterized by sudden and uncontrollable episodes of crying or a laughing. These are referred to as “emotional lability,” or emotional incontinence.”

Another consequence of stroke can be aphasia, a disorder that impairs a person’s ability to use and comprehend language. Aphasia affects approximately one million Americans. Aphasia is most often caused by strokes.

Signs of a heart attack include pain in the chest, upper body, or stomach.  There may also be shortness of breath, dizziness or nausea.  Any crushing pain in the center of the chess that lasts longer than a few minutes can also signal of heart attack.  The pain and spread to the jaw, neck or arms, especially the left arm.

While a sedentary lifestyle is a major factor in heart disease, a heart attack arising from intense exercise is possible, though the chances of that are remote.  Still, out of 10,000,000 joggers in the US, several hundred may perish from heart attacks, says Ask.com.  Fox News reported that one in 189,000 runners will have a heart attack toward the end of a marathon, according to cardiologist Dr. Paul Nager.

In an article in Lifewire, it was stated that hard exercise hard exercise can cause electrolyte imbalance, or even enlargement of the heart.  These conditions can interfere with the heart’s ability to pump blood.

It’s not likely that people will move to Nebraska to have better heart attacks, but the state may afford more placidity and less stress than other parts of the country.  That’s why heart attacks are better there.

 

Written by:  Tom Ukinski

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