A medical breakthrough was recently shared by several Chinese medical doctors, when a new vaccine was tested to 10,000 children which resulted to a 90% efficacy,The Lancet journal disclosed The new EV71 vaccine knocks off the viral Hand Foot and Mouth Disease. This is considered as a commendable discovery since there is no identified treatment for enterovirus infections that exists nor commercialized vaccines is available.
A vaccine made from deactivated enterovirus 71 (EV71) was tested in one of the province of China to children 6 month old to 3 years old and the result was just awesome.
This dreaded viral disease caused an outbreak in China sometime in 2009 which involved 1.2 Million people and a death of 353. What is worst is that it can lead to a fatal neurologic involvement such as meningitis and encephalitis.
The hand, foot and mouth disease is caused by viruses that belong to the the Enterovirus genus which include among others, Coxsackievirus A16 and Enterovirus 71. This should not be mistaken as the same with foot-and-mouth disease as the latter is a disease of cattle, sheep and swine. The two diseases are caused by different viruses.
SYMPTOMS and TRANSMISSION:
Hand, foot and mouth disease usually starts with mild fibrile illness, body malaise, poor appetite and sore throat. After the second day of fever, painful sores usually develop in the mouth as red spots that blisters appears. Persons infected may not get all the symptoms of the disease, they will only experience mouth sores or skin rash.
Person with Hand, foot and mouth disease may spread the viruses through the following:
- Close personal contact
- Through coughing and sneezing
- Contact with feces
- Contaminated objects
PREVENTION AND TREATMENT:
- Hygiene is very important. Wash hands often with soap and water especially after using the toilet.
- Avoid close contact and sharing of eating utensils
- Disinfect dirty items
It is advised to take over-the-counter medicines to relieve paid and fever and use mouthwash to numb the mouth pain,.
Some interesting information you should know on some viral diseases and their vaccines:
- Hepatitis A – (vaccine: Hepatitis A) a disease of the liver caused by Hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is usually spread through oral fecal route, transmitted person- to- person by ingestion by contaminated food and water or through direct contact of an infectious person.
- Hepatitis B – ( vaccine: Hepatitis B ) is an infectious inflammation of the liver. Transmitted through infectious blood and body fluids.
- Poliomyletis – (vaccine: Polio vaccine) often called polio. It is an inflammation of the spinal cord’s grey matter.
- Rabies – (vaccine: rabies vaccine) caused by acute encephalitis in warm-blooded animals. It can be transmitted such as dogs to human. A bite from an infected animal is fatal. Symptoms include malaise, fever and headache and progresses to depression and hydrophopia.
- Rubela – ( vaccine: MMR vaccine) commonly known as German measles. Transmitted via airborne. Virus may also be present in the urine, feces and skine
- Japanese Encephalitis – (vaccine: Japanese encephalitis vaccine) Previousl known as Japanese B encephalitis. The disease is caused by the mosquito- borne Japanese encephalitis virus. Mortality of the disease is much higher In children. Symptoms may include headache, fever, nausea, vomiting and swelling of the testicles.