Einstein’s Corpus Callosum Explains His Genius-Level Intellect

Einstein's corpus callosum explains his genius-level intellect

Einstein was undoubtedly one of the most influential physicists of all time, advancing concepts in quantum physics and gaining enormous notoriety for his theory of relativity. Einstein was also a keen philosopher, proclaiming that “… independence by philosophical insight is… the mark of distinction between mere artisan or specialist and a real seeker of truth.

It comes as no surprise that Einstein’s brain appears physiologically distinct from that of the average individual. A recent study has sought to explain the man’s genius-level intellect, in part, based a difference in a structure called the corpus callosum.

Einstein’s Autopsied Brain

Many have attempted to understand what inspired the German-born prodigy. A pathologist, named Dr. Thomas Stoltz Harvey, working at Princeton University, even attempted Imagination is more important than knowledgeto establish whether there was a physiological trait that could explain the inner workings of Einstein’s extraordinary mind.

Einstein died from internal bleeding, following a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. In 1955, Harvey, who was responsible for conducting Einstein’s autopsy, removed his subject’s brain, without requesting the permission of his family. Harvey then preserved Einstein’s brain in formalin, before snapping a vast number of photographs. After documenting the details of the specimen, he carved it up into approximately 240 individual sections, with the principal ambition of allowing the scientific community to research what made Einstein so truly remarkable.

Harvey retained his photographs to write a book, which he was never able to finish. Following Harvey’s demise, his family decided to donate the images to the National Museum of Health and Medicine in Washington, during 2010.

Decades after Einstein’s departure, it seems scientists are finally able to figure out the mysteries of the great man’s brain.

The Corpus Callosum Study

The latest research study, entitled The Corpus Callosum of Albert Einstein’s Brain: Another Clue to His High Intelligence, was published in the research journal Brain.

The study demonstrated that the association between the left and right hemispheres of Einstein’s brain were atypical, with enhanced connection between these two parts. Evolutionary Anthropologist, Dean Falk, of Florida State University, collaborated on the project. Falk explains how the study offers greater insight into the illustrious physicist’s brain, improving upon prior research studies.

Corpus callosum connecting the left and right hemispheres
Diagram showing the corpus callosum, connecting the left and right hemispheres of the brain

The part of the brain that connects the two hemispheres of the brain is known as the corpus callosum (A.K.A. the colossal commissure), a bundle of neuronal fibers that sits beneath the cerebral cortex, uniting the two hemispheres in the brains of higher order mammals.

The study, which was led by Weiwei Men of East China Normal University, managed to establish a novel technique to explore the “internal connectivity” of Einstein’s corpus callosum, for the very first time.

Using their new method, the team were able to determine the relative thickness of various subdivisions throughout length of the corpus callosum. These differences in thickness were then color-coded to provide the research group with an approximation for the number of neurons stretching between the left and rights hemispheres; a thicker corpus callosum suggests there to be a greater number of neurons.

In addition, different regions of the corpus callosum are implicated in specialist functions. For example, neurons situated at the front of this interlinking region of the brain are involved in movement of hands, whilst neurons running along its posterior are thought to be implicated in mental arithmetic.

The researchers applied their technique to compare Einstein’s corpus callosum to two sample groups, including one group of over a dozen elderly men, and another group of 52 men that were Einstein’s age in 1905. 1905 was a pivotal year in Albert Einstein’s life, publishing seminal articles on Brownian motion, the special theory of relativity, the photoelectric effect, as well as work that yielded the renowned E = mc2 formula.

Following their study, the researchers concluded that Einstein’s brain demonstrated more extensive connections at particular points along the corpus callosum. The team suggest this could, at least partially, explain some of Einstein’s supreme intellectual abilities.

Other Studies

Falk and his colleagues had investigated Einstein’s brain on a previous occasion, in 2012. Simply through analysis of Harvey’s autopsy photographs, the team were able to visibly

Sulcus and gyrus of the human brain are the convolutions
Diagram showing the convolutions of the human brain, comprising grooves (sulci) and ridges (gyri); Einstein was said to have a different pattern of these convolutions

identify features of Einstein’s brain that could be fundamental to the man’s intellect. They found greater intricacy and convolution patterns across certain regions of his brain, particularly the prefrontal cortex, the visual cortex and the parietal lobes.

The prefrontal cortex is critical to abstract thinking, decision-making and expression of personality traits, whilst the parietal lobe is involved in sense and motor function. Intriguingly, Falk’s group found that the somatosensory cortex, which receives sensory input information, was also increased in magnitude in an area that corresponded to his left hand. As Einstein was an avid violinist, after having been inspired by a number of Mozart’s pieces at age 13, the group drew a correlation between this enlarged cortical region and his musical aptitude.

According to Live Science, Sandra Witelson, a scientist based at McMaster University, who has performed prior studies into Einstein’s brain, explained the physiological difference in the physicist’s neural tissue:

“It’s not just that it’s bigger or smaller, it’s that the actual pattern is different… His anatomy is unique compared to every other photograph or drawing of a human brain that has ever been recorded.”

Marion C. Diamond and colleagues, working at the University of California, published an article in 1985, called on the brain of a scientist: Albert Einstein. Fascinatingly, after performing microscopic cell counts, they found Einstein had an exceedingly high ratio of glial cells (a non-neuronal support cell) to regular neuronal cells, in two parts of his brain.

It seems that Albert Einstein’s thicker corpus callosum may have been partly responsible for his genius-level intellect. However, it is likely that a combination of physiological factors played a part shaping the enigmatic theoretical physicist. The question is, will there ever be another extraordinary mind like Einstein’s?

By: James Fenner

Related article: Einstein Quotes and Interesting Facts: Assassination Lists, Autopsied Brains and Socks


LV Guardian Express

Brain Journal

Experimental Neurology Journal

Nature News Article

Florida State University Press Release

Live Science

50 Responses to "Einstein’s Corpus Callosum Explains His Genius-Level Intellect"

  1. everylifematters (@weRkilled5to1)   January 27, 2016 at 12:12 pm

    Creativity is as important as literacy and should be encouraged appropriately. Einstein having a thicker Corpus Callosum than most is a perfect example of how nature allowed this to happen. Both hemispheres (creative and logic) had a better connection and ability to “converse” with the other and extracted ideas that purely logical thinkers could have. His parietal lobes were also constructed in a way that was conducive to logical thought. This is exactly the reason the standardization of learning is such a great mistake. We are all so unique and all have gifts that may be perceived as deficits that can contribute in ways that linear and narrow focus will never recognize.

  2. mk   April 12, 2014 at 3:18 am

    This article was published 6 months ago, but for anyone who’s interested, I think it is important to know exactly what we mean by Einstein being a genius, because genius is actually an extremely vague term, and really doesnt belong in a scientific research paper. We should define Einstein’s genius in relation to other physicists working on similar problems as him at the time, and what THIS shows is that Einstein was a man who had ideas that pretty much no one even came close to imagining. That is, he was about 50 years ahead of his time, maybe even more (many physicists seem to share this opinion, like Brian Greene for example), meaning his ideas weren’t simply a natural extension of the contemporary available knowledge, but a complete leap in terms of logic. I think the findings of these recent studies really support this idea that Einstein’s “genius” was due to this ability to think in a “different” way. The only way that is possible is if his brain is WIRED differently.

    Another well documented fact about Einstein and his peers is that out of the entire community of prominent physicists in the mid-twentieth century, Von Neumann was known to have the sharpest, fastest, and most accurate brain. And yet, in a comparison, theoretical physicist Eugene P. Wigner had this to say:

    “I have known a great many intelligent people in my life. I knew Planck, von Laue and Heisenberg. Paul Dirac was my brother in law; Leo Szilard and Edward Teller have been among my closest friends; and Albert Einstein was a good friend, too. But none of them had a mind as quick and acute as Jansci [John] von Neumann. I have often remarked this in the presence of those men and no one ever disputed me.

    … But Einstein’s understanding was deeper even than von Neumann’s. His mind was both more penetrating and more original than von Neumann’s. And that is a very remarkable statement. Einstein took an extraordinary pleasure in invention. Two of his greatest inventions are the Special and General Theories of Relativity; and for all of Jansci’s brilliance, he never produced anything as original.”

    I think these statements show a lot of consistency with the findings presented in the papers. Von Neumann represented the most efficient implementation of the normal brain architecture, but that brain architecture is one which has been adapted for survival in the wild savannas of Africa. Einstein’s brain was quite possibly a product of some kind of mutation that wired his brain in a different way, to perhaps produce completely new thought processes that were fundamentally of a different kind from normal humans’.

    It’s fascinating and tantalizing to wonder what the possibilities would be if we had multiple iterations of Einsteinian evolution in the brains of our species: What would our thoughts be like? How would we perceive and think about the world?

  3. Inkling   December 3, 2013 at 1:10 am

    Gotta love that “seeker of truth” reference.

  4. Justin Houser   October 7, 2013 at 3:50 am

    The genius was there since her and him produced Einstein. God doesn’t play diceheinvetestheuniverse and Einstein predicted that end. Neil’s Boar hated him for his belief in god but still Einstein never questioned his love for God and now no one remixers Boar. As we fight Obamcare in the end we feel gods effect n helping Cruz and patriots of the red side gntain Jhung

    • martaze   October 7, 2013 at 5:02 am

      O K A Y …. Please ring for the nurse. You’ll be fine as soon as she gives you the meds

    • Danny Boson (@Singedrac)   October 23, 2013 at 8:56 am

      Einstein didn’t believe in gods. His “god doesn’t play dice with the universe” comment was his rejection of the idea of the nondeterminism suggested by wavefunction probabilities in Quantum Mechanics.

  5. Moira Cue   October 6, 2013 at 7:44 pm

    The corpus callosum is also 30% larger in women than men — so I’d be curious to see the comparison not only between other men’s brains and Einstein’s, but also if the size of his corpus callosum is average compared to a woman.

  6. Shashi Reddy   October 6, 2013 at 5:52 pm

    Just wondering that if we didn’t have his brain to study, we wouldn’t have known the superiority of it’s physical structure. If it is truly physiological development as apposed to plasticity due to necessity (i.e his brain developed as he commanded/applied it), so to speak, then, one has to wonder how many genius brains exist undiscovered, and have perished unnoticed and unacknowledged.
    It goes to prove once more that, time, place and opportunities of one’s life count for almost everything of what one becomes in (during and even after) life.

  7. Wazza   October 6, 2013 at 4:31 pm

    He was just a showman idiolized by many and placed on a pedestal above his calling.All this adulation is wasted upon this academic.
    Concentrate on real people who have developed cures for our human diseases,it would be more relative than relativity.

    • Frank Truth   October 8, 2013 at 1:16 pm

      That would be mostly true except for the fact that he discovered that light is a particular, SR, GR, and generally helped clarify Quantum Mechanics.

  8. david wolfe   October 6, 2013 at 3:10 pm

    I read the book on Einstein’s brain, but elsewhere I also read about his two cats.
    One larger and the other smaller and Mr. Einstein wanted them to walk around with the door closed at his home. So, He has two openings make to all the doors, one small and the other large. So, I enjoy knowing while very smart that one large opening would have been enough.

  9. Christine Davison   October 6, 2013 at 11:21 am

    It may be in part to Einstein carrying genes for schizophrenia…http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10785578

  10. William ambrosia   October 6, 2013 at 8:54 am

    For most of my adult life I have always questioned what exists,if anything outside the fabric of the universe,or is their no exterior? The big bang and steady state theories are intriguing and quite possibly will continue to astound the collective human intellect but am inclined to believe that it’s primary physical nature in all it’s infinite complexities will remain unanswered as descript secondary behaviors in what appears to be the limited domain of our human intellect.

  11. martaze   October 6, 2013 at 3:50 am

    My question: was his brain shaped by the way he used it? That seems a more likely scenario to me.

  12. Andiar Rohnds   October 6, 2013 at 2:34 am

    This article is pretentious to say the least. Eisenstein was a typical celebrity more preoccupied with debauchery; gallantly attached to his lavish life style. The fact he is always held is such high regard goes beyond me, especially when there are plenty of scientists who were vastly superior to him. VASTLY

    • martaze   October 6, 2013 at 4:53 pm

      “debauchery?” define debauchery
      You mean because he had affairs–with consenting adults — women in his case, and not even that many? And/or because he may have experimented with cocaine?

      “lavish?” define lavish.
      Did he own several castles, mansions, private islands, Jaguars, Rolls Royces, penthouses in NYC? I don’t think so, but if you have evidence, please prove me wrong

      Why are you so offended that he didn’t live a “pure” monastic life, didn’t follow societies dictum and did not believe in god?

      Not everyone can live up to to your exalted puritanical standards.

      • CC6   October 8, 2013 at 1:09 pm

        Einstein was agnostic, and vehemently rejected any attempts to label him an atheist.

        • Frank Truth   October 8, 2013 at 1:32 pm

          Every atheist would agree that God could exist. In other words, no atheist would claim there is zero possibility that God exists. Therefore, there is really no difference between atheists and agnostics.

          I don’t believe in God, but I don’t call myself an atheist any more than I call myself a non-believer in Santa Claus. I don’t define myself by what I don’t believe in but rather that which I do believe in.

          I worship kind, warm, empathic, underdstanding, patient, intelligent human beings, even if they are not gods.

          I do believe in science, the Golden Rule, loving-kindness, forgiveness, helping others, lessening human and animal suffering, making others smile and laugh, helping others achieve their full potential.

          I do believe in fellowship, commeraderie, brotherhood and sisterhood.

          I believe the lone wolf is a pathetic creature with a short life expectancy, that humans are strongest, and more efficient when they are part of pack, when they work together as a team, when they care for each other.

          I don’t beleive in judgeing others. I believe we all would have acted as Hitler acted if we were born with his DNA and had his exact life experiences. I believe there is a little bit of each of us in every sentient being and a little bit of every sentient being in us. Therefore, we can’t hate others without hating a bit of ourselves.

          My religion has no god, no dogma, no prayer, no holidays, no rituals, and no leader.

          I can be reached at my AOL email address: advanpropcons

          • Shashi Reddy   October 8, 2013 at 8:54 pm

            Beautifully said!

            I don’t know what Einstein believed or said about God/religion. But if more people believed what you believe, this world would be a happier place.
            Anyone who has achieved pure mind, body and soul, is the pinnacle of humanity and as close to God (or whatever anyone choose to call the super power) as humanly possible. We all have the potential to be that. We must at least try. I too believe that Go(o)d is in all of us. Why does anyone need to believe in anything else once you believe that? Besides, one can only find PEACE and TRUE HAPPINESS that way. Isn’t pursuit of happiness the sole purpose of human life? I am not speaking of the temporary pleasures one can buy or posses.

            I don’t know what’s that about the lone wolf, though!

          • Frank Truth   October 9, 2013 at 6:08 am

            The “lone wolf” comment refers to need for humans to unite and care for each other. Wolves survive because they live in packs. When one wolf is injured, the others bring it food. Who knew that wolves were socialists? Primates also travel in groups, troops, clans, tribes. When humans join forces, work together and care for each other they are able to achieve much more than when every human is on their own, when there is just competition, not cooperation.

          • Frank Truth   October 9, 2013 at 6:14 am

            Humans like wolves are most efficient and successful when they unite and work together, when they care for each other and cooperate, instead of competing with each other. When a wolf in a pack is injured, other wolves bring it food. When a lone wolf is injured it starves to death. Who knew that wolves were socialists who believed welfare?

        • martaze   October 8, 2013 at 5:59 pm

          read carefully CC6, I will repeat what I wrote:
          “[Einstein] did not believe in god.”

          From a letter Einstein wrote to the Jewish philosopher Eric Gutkind. “…The word God is for me nothing more than the expression and product of human weaknesses, the Bible a collection of honorable, but still primitive legends which are nevertheless pretty childish. No interpretation, no matter how subtle, can (for me) change this…”


        • martaze   October 8, 2013 at 6:00 pm

          FULL LETTER

          … I read a great deal in the last days of your book, and thank you very much for sending it to me. What especially struck me about it was this. With regard to the factual attitude to life and to the human community we have a great deal in common.

          … The word God is for me nothing more than the expression and product of human weaknesses, the Bible a collection of honorable, but still primitive legends which are nevertheless pretty childish. No interpretation no matter how subtle can (for me) change this. These subtilised interpretations are highly manifold according to their nature and have almost nothing to do with the original text. For me the Jewish religion like all other religions is an incarnation of the most childish superstitions. And the Jewish people to whom I gladly belong and with whose mentality I have a deep affinity have no different quality for me than all other people. As far as my experience goes, they are also no better than other human groups, although they are protected from the worst cancers by a lack of power. Otherwise I cannot see anything ‘chosen’ about them.

          In general I find it painful that you claim a privileged position and try to defend it by two walls of pride, an external one as a man and an internal one as a Jew. As a man you claim, so to speak, a dispensation from causality otherwise accepted, as a Jew the privilege of monotheism. But a limited causality is no longer a causality at all, as our wonderful Spinoza recognized with all incision, probably as the first one. And the animistic interpretations of the religions of nature are in principle not annulled by monopolization. With such walls we can only attain a certain self-deception, but our moral efforts are not furthered by them. On the contrary.

          Now that I have quite openly stated our differences in intellectual convictions it is still clear to me that we are quite close to each other in essential things, i.e; in our evaluations of human behavior. What separates us are only intellectual ‘props’ and ‘rationalization’ in Freud’s language. Therefore I think that we would understand each other quite well if we talked about concrete things.

          With friendly thanks and best wishes,
          Yours, A. Einstein

  13. Aristotle   October 6, 2013 at 1:45 am


  14. Carl   October 6, 2013 at 1:15 am

    A disgrace that this was done without the consent of his family.

    • Eric   October 6, 2013 at 3:11 am

      There is no particular reason that family members should make these decisions. It’s a human custom with no logic behind it. Besides, once someone is dead, they don’t care what happens to their body.

  15. Bubba Nicholson   October 5, 2013 at 11:43 pm

    My mind is like Einstein’s. Nobody seems to care. I proposed Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell, the Deadbeat Dad Laws, the modern meaning of the word Inclusive, and quantitative easing by the US Federal Reserve. I also proposed the HOPE Scholarships that provide college education to millions of Americans.
    The reason Einstein’s corpus callosum (his “white matter” is generally bigger than most people’s) is so large is not for connection. The “white matter” made up of oligodendritic cells that electrically connect (via capacitance switching) dozens of axons does the thinking and learning of the brain. A thinker would naturally have grown more white matter, since that is what is stimulated by thinking.
    The cure for crime, drug addiction, and perversion is on the end of every man’s nose. See: Nicholson B. (2011). Exocrinology the Science of Love Human Pheromones in Criminology, Psychiatry, and Medicine. Amazon. Amazon digital books. books.google.com (read free).

  16. Andy Lord   October 5, 2013 at 11:07 pm

    More likely, Einstein’s genius-level intellect explains his corpus callosum. The breathless treatment given to these rather mundane observations is actually kind of insulting to Einstein. The brain’s morphology in later life has much to do with how it was used–and what was done to it. To ascribe Einstein’s genius to a thicker than normal CC is beyond simplistic. Hey, maybe he owed his genius to all those extra glia.lol

    • martaze   October 6, 2013 at 6:58 pm

      I’m with you on this

  17. Jess   October 5, 2013 at 10:15 pm

    I read somewhere he may have had Asperger’s, which definitly has an effect on wiring of the brain and myelin. Extremely smart but socially awkward. Asperger’s is on the high functioning end of the autism spectrum. In other words, like Rainman, but not noticable to the public.

    • Don David Alegria   October 6, 2013 at 3:02 am

      I agree on that. But include, that he is the normal and we are the awkward ones. What ever name you’d like to give us… lets say Aspergers on the low functioning end 😉 I think that our brain activity is so low because we don’t have any information inside and no motivation to change something to that state. No drug can higher the information in your brain. May be increase motivation but… where would you lead that without goals? So, I think it is a certain thing most haven’t learned!

  18. Don David Alegria   October 5, 2013 at 9:36 pm

    “Einstein’s Corpus Callosum Explains His Genius” is false! It is not a reason for being genius, it is a side effect! I wonder why the “real” reason has not been published yet, but is known to be true. The exceptional connection between the hemispheres develops through music! Einstein was a composer! That way several parts had to get connected.

  19. Climp Jones   October 5, 2013 at 8:05 pm

    what does Hannibal Lecter have to say about ‘all this?’

  20. Frank Truth   October 5, 2013 at 7:56 pm

    This is a corrected version of message I previously posted.’

    Einstein and Minkowski were right. They thought the universe was an Eternal block with time being a fourth spatial dimension. In actuality, the universe is a solid hypersphere with the Big Bang at the center and coeval with all other times. Physical objects in our universe are really “world-segments” or “world-branes” have a length in time.

    When we look at a point particle we have to view it as having a length in time. When a single particle decays into several particles, what we really observing are several branches diverging from a tree trunk.

    Using Riemann mathematics gravity can be viewed as nothing more than a depression in the surface of spherical frustum from a solid hypersphere. As we move down this concavity we move closer to the big bang. In fact, every black hole singularity is the big bang singularity.

    It appears as if our universe is filled with many singularities. but they are all at the bottom of deep chasms. Imagine the surface of the earth was pot-marked with sink holes that ended at the center of the Earth. Each of those sink holes would be black holes, and the center of the Earth would be the singularity at the bottom of each black holes. This conjecture is reinforced if the number of microstates increases with inflation, it would also imply the wave-function “psi” never collapses.

    As space-time inflates matter-energy spreads-out and becomes more diffuse and more multiplicitous. This generates the 2LoT. The 2LoT is just matter-energy spreading-out evenly in space-time like a gas spreads-out evenly in a container. If the container is expanding, the gas will become ever more diffuse, cooler, and lower pressure.

    In black holes were space-time deflates the opposite occurs, matter-energy becomes more concentrated, more dense, more unified, more compact, with greater temperature-pressure, until it reaches singularity. If the 2LofT is responsible for the arrow of time, then time reverses as we enter black holes and move ever closer to the big bang.

    Imagine an w,x,y,z coordinate system with the Big Bang at (0,0,0,0).

    The present is a single movie frame. Every movie frame is a slice, a square from a sphere that is part of a solid. Every concentric sphere is an instant in time. All the concentric spheres together form a solid hypersphere with the Big Bang at the center.

    Julian Barbour believes there are just lots of different “nows.” I believe each “now” is a move frame. Then when you put all the “nows” together you get a solid hypersphere.

    I can be reached at my AOL email address: advanpropcons

    I need help. I have inventions and ideas that have the potential to alter the future of mankind.


    • emory   October 5, 2013 at 11:22 pm

      Though your comment is concise and well written, and your description of the universe is insightful and rational, I am afraid you lost all credibility when you pointed out that you are still using an AOL email address 🙁

      • Frank Truth   October 6, 2013 at 12:14 am

        Ben Smith on Politics and Media
        September 09, 2011
        AOL email as status symbol

        There’s long been a certain stigma attached to an AOL.com email account, and those of us obsessed with keeping up with the times have cycled through Hotmail, Earthlink, Yahoo!, and any number of corporate domains before ending with the current standard of email modernity, the Gmail account.

        But despite Google’s best efforts to stigmatize those unfashionable old domains, I’ve started to notice a certain prestige attached to the AOL.com survivors. Now that my mother has switched to Gmail, virtually the only people I email at AOL accounts are bigshots — people who were already so important by the time the various new fads (and technical advantages) arrived that they couldn’t be bothered to switch, and had nothing to prove to anyone.


        I spend my time thinking about things that are important to me. I do not use Twitter or Facebook. I don’t follow trends. I am still using my IPhone 4.

        I have never had a problem using my AOL email account. I have used gmail before, and didn’t like it. I have a Yahoo account and a high speed Comcast internet account which comes with free email addresses.But there are several reasons why I prefer AOL email.

        You would be surprised how many important people use AOL email. When I send them email, I know when they open my email and read it.

        When I tell someone my email address is my name at AOL, that is easy for them to remember, and few keystrokes shorter to type. I have nothing to prove. I drive an old car. I don’t wear trendy clothes.

        I believe in substance over form. So, if someone dismisses my ideas because of the clothes I wear, my spelling, my handwriting, the car I drive, the fact I don’t shave everyday, or the email service I use, that is their tough luck, not mine.

        You can usually tell who is a successful trader and who is not. Most people in business who are not successful traders wear expensive suits, expensive watches, and new shoes.. Most successful traders I know wear casual clothes, an old watch, and old shoes. They don’t need to impress others.

        My ideas stand on their own. I have acquired the knowledge I have because I listen to everyone, and learn from everyone.

        People mistakenly confabulate high IQ with genius. Imagination, curiosity, open-mindedness, a maverick streak, visualization, and focus have much more to do with true genius than high IQ.

        Paul Erdos was homeless.

        I don’t follow the crowd. I never have.


  21. waggonerkain@yahoo.com   October 5, 2013 at 7:47 pm

    I don’t think that albert einstein would have agreed to his brain bieng removed what happend to his body after he died was wrong, and if that were to happen today there would be criminal charges.

    • Andy Lord   October 5, 2013 at 11:09 pm

      It’s common practice to remove a brain during autopsy.

  22. LL   October 5, 2013 at 7:23 pm

    Interesting that I’m not seeing many comments about this part of the story…

    In 1955, Harvey, who was responsible for conducting Einstein’s autopsy, removed his subject’s brain, without requesting the permission of his family.

  23. Frank Truth   October 5, 2013 at 7:20 pm

    Einstein and Minkowski were right. They thought the universe was an Eternal block with time being a fourth spatial dimension. In actuality, the universe is a solid hypersphere with the Big Bang at the center and coeval with all other times. Objects in our universe are really “world-segments” or “world-branes” have a length in time.

    Using Riemann mathematics gravity can be viewed as nothing more than a depression in the frustum of solid hypersphere. As we move down this concavity we move closer to the big bang. In fact every black hole singularity is the big bang singularity.

    Our universe is filled with singularities but they are all at the bottom of deep chasms. Imagine the surface of the earth was filled with sink holes that ended at the center of the Earth. Each of those sink holes would be black holes. This conjecture is reinforced if the number of microstates increases with inflation.

    As space-time inflates matter-energy spreads out and becomes more diffuse. In black holes were space-time deflates, matter-energy becomes more concentrated, more unified, greater temperature-pressure, until it reaches singularity.

    Imagine an w,x,y,z coordinate system with the Big Bang at (0,0,0,0).

    The present is a single movie frame. Every movie frame is a slice, a square from a sphere that is part of a solid. Every concentric sphere is an instant in time. All the concentric spheres together form a solid hypersphere with the Big Bang at the center.

    Julian Barbour believes there are just lots of different “nows.” I believe each “now” is a move frame. Then when you put all the “nows” together you get a solid hypersphere.

    I can be reached at my AOL email address: advanpropcons

    I need help. I have inventions and ideas that have the potential to alter the future of mankind.


  24. Victor Victor   October 5, 2013 at 1:27 pm

    Geneticists should begin a program to genetically engineer future childrens’ brains to have larger corpus callosums. Then future children would be smarter and resist and discard religious brainwashing — an excellent way to eliminate future terrorists. There is a 2011 sci fi Amazon ebook which suggests this, The Day The Earth Was Visited.

  25. ajmacdonaldjr   October 5, 2013 at 12:24 pm

    Not an adequate explanation, in my opinion. I say he was young, not fixed in established paradigms, and thought outside the box. In other words, he had an average, healthy brain and was an outside the box thinker, which is all it takes to come up with a new idea. People who work within established paradigms never make any breakthroughs, and it has nothing to do with the brain per se, and everything to do with psychological make-up and youth.

    • Dee   October 5, 2013 at 7:33 pm

      So all these Germans that built the space program aka NASA and invented nuclear weapons were free thinkers?

    • nobikiniatoll   October 5, 2013 at 8:05 pm

      Maybe I’m interpreting this wrong, but my take is the study infers the higher number of neural connections between the two hemispheres of his brain may have made him more capable of “thinking outside the box”. Not necessarily a better brain, but better wiring.

  26. Brad Snow   October 5, 2013 at 11:58 am

    With over 7 billion people on the planet there are likely many “Einstein,s, just as it is likely that intelligent life has developed on other planets. As computer access becomes ubiquitous a great number of these superior minds should become known and maybe develop really important formulae that would end wars…..

  27. Sydney Gottlieb   October 5, 2013 at 8:22 am

    This is wonderful now we know for sure that phrenology is again on the rise. Although it makes about as much sense as the other garbage they psychiatrists and psychologists come up with today. They always seem to be funding studies that measure your pupil size when they squeeze your hoo hoo. Then that study is touted as empirical evidence that sex is clearly centralized in your sense of sight.

  28. Henry Major   October 5, 2013 at 8:06 am

    This has about as much explanatory power as saying that a study showed that a really strong guy had big muscles.

  29. Rick Plumb   October 5, 2013 at 7:54 am

    Good article, readers might enjoy more detail about white matter of the brain and it’s role in brain function the book” The Other Brain” by R. Douglas Fields, PhD. Enjoy!

  30. Mitch Crow (@Redrum_of_Crows)   October 5, 2013 at 1:04 am

    Thank you for the insights! As to your question, “Will there ever be another extraordinary mind like Einstein’s?”…
    It wasn’t until recently that I learned that EVERYBODY does not perform thought experiments, as Mr.Einstein had. I thought all of us (less the obviously damaged) humans did so. I would like to know more about how our populations think. Call me crazy (many of those in the general population seem to react as such, it seems) but we could do with a little more understanding of those among us, in this regard. For instance, we clamor for creative employees and leaders then shut them down at every turn when they start doing or saying things we do not understand. #Revolt about it :- }


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