The U.S. Secretary of State, John Kerry, held a bilateral discussion over Iran’s nuclear program with the Iranian foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, on February 2, in Munich, Germany. Kerry enforced that the country must halt its nuclear programs, and strive for peaceful negotiations and pacts with the international community.
The Iranian minister Javad Zarif described the discussion over Iran’s nuclear arsenal as a “good meeting.” He further added that Iran is prepared to take additional leaps in establishing improved international relations with the world. Zarif said his country has the “political will” and faith to have discussion over its nuclear arsenal. Iran wants to improve mutual trust by reaching agreements with political powers in exchange for removing some or all of the sanctions.
In November, 2013, Iran compromised over its nuclear enrichment programs, and agreed to have further discussions over its nuclear activities with the west. The Iranian minister Zarif confirmed that Iran is prepared to reach mutual and fair agreements. The next set of negotiations will happen on February 18 in Vienna. Furthermore, Zairf said that it would be a “disaster” if the country failed to reach a permanent agreement and continued its effort to enrich nuclear arsenal program. The three day conference held in Munich allowed the Iranian minister to hold discussions with other European Union powers as well. He looks forward to the next meeting on February 18 in order to form a permanent agreement on Iran’s nuclear programs.
The exchanged agreement and halt to development of Iran’s nuclear arsenal will protect the Islamic Republic from any military attack by Israel or the United States, and will reduce the risk of any armed strike on Iran if the country continues to develop some level of nuclear power.
Kerry emphasized that Iran must pursue the November deal and stay committed in exchange for the easing of sanctions. However, Iran must comply some of the sanctions which the United States has determined to impose on Iran. Zarif said that the western nation should not doubt on Iran’s commitment or intention to advance relations with the west. He said he is willing to have discussions on Iran’s nuclear arsenal, and a form of “mutual trust” is very essential.
The head of the UN’s nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), said that Iran’s nuclear program must be clarified since polotonium-210 was made by Iran’s research reactor. In November, 2013, Iran separately entered into an accord with IAEA, and a meeting with the UN’s watchdog group will occur on February 8 in Tehran. The UN leaders argued Iran to discuss its nuclear program openly, as there is evidence to indicate that Iran has had nuclear programs since 2003.
The U.S. Republicans are skeptical on Iran due to its deceptive history; however, the European Union’s chief on foreign policy, Catherine Ashton, said that the Iraninan government has agreed to new deals with UN Security Council members in Vienna and Germany. She also said that the concluding conversations and deals should affirm Iran’s nuclear activity is peaceful. The final nuclear deal is yet to come, but Ashton said it will make progress in halting Iran’s nuclear expansion. In the coming weeks, Ashton will be visiting the country to have further discussions over Iran’s domestic concerns and nuclear program.
By Iqra Amjad