FDA, Researchers’ Debate Over Electronic Cigarettes

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The FDA and other researchers have debated over the healthy repercussions electronic cigarettes can have on people in the long run, the innovation is still not fully known even though it is becoming a popular alternative.  According to the latest findings by researchers at Boston University, electronic cigarettes are on the threshold of possibly eradicating smoking from the United States.  The steam heats up the vapor and adds flavors to each puff.  The ingredients of e-cigarettes are FDA regulated and they were developed by a Chinese national.  A public health researcher, Dr. Michael Siegel, found that using e-cigarettes can be helpful in replacing original cigarettes, which could bring about the end of the smoking era in the United States.

The latest electronic cigarettes are considered less harmful as compared to conventional cigarettes.  E-Cigarettes are powered by a battery and release aerosol puffs that the user inhales.  The vapor from the e-cigarettes contains fruit flavors, chocolate, and mint with nicotine.  However, there are fewer studies that establish what exactly is the composition, and how potentially dangerous can those elements be in the e-cigarettes.  Moreover, the Food and Drug Administration controls e-cigarettes just like any other tobacco products, and researchers debate over electronic cigarettes, whether they should be banned in the public place or not.

Meanwhile, the professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, Stanton A. Glantz, forecasts that the modern innovation will keep people addicted to nicotine for extended period of time, instead of people quitting, they will feel glamorized by the accessorize gadget.  It not only keeps people hooked, it will waste the effort people accomplished in reducing smoking.

Moreover, both experts, Siegel and Glantz, express opposing views on the health repercussions that the electronic cigarettes will have on people.  Previously, the public health sector was a collective in battling tobacco products, banning public smoking and overall smoking. However, the recent debate over e-cigarettes has divided the community.  According to many experts, more people will be attracted towards the latest innovation, and they will smoke more.  Some experts say that the latest gadget will reduce the amount of people consuming nicotine and tar.

Seemingly, the deadly tar in the regular cigarettes is considered highly dangerous that leads to cancer.  Smokers die because of tar in the smoking products, and not due to nicotine, that is the addictive ingredient.  The e-cigarettes contain nicotine only without the toxic ingredient of tar.  Thus, it can be a safe alternative from the conventional tar smoking product.  Annually, in the United States, there are more than 480,000 deaths that occur related to smoking.  These premature deaths can be prevented if fewer people smoke every year.

Additionally, many experts also suggest that the regular consumer is not aware of how much nicotine or other chemical is inhaled and burned through the electronic cigarettes, and what amount is potentially harmful, and safe.  The health effects are currently unknown from the electronic cigarettes, researchers are still analyzing on how second-hand vapor could harm people.  The head of Tobacco Dependence, Treatment and Cessation from Alameda County in California, Dr. Cathy McDonald told the reporters that currently there is not enough information that is required on the latest innovation.  The few minutes of smoking electronic cigarette for a nonsmoker swells up resistance in their lungs, and decades ago, even this fact was not known.  The propylene glycol in e-cigarettes is reviewed as non toxic by researchers.  Therefore, the ingredient is backed by the FDA.

From 2012 to 2013, the sale of electronic cigarettes increased from $500 million to $1.5 billion, and the annual sale turnover has been amplifying, while the tobacco sale is on the declining side.  Many celebrities have been endorsing and using the e-cigarettes.  Increasingly, the innovation is becoming trendy.  People can buy them from the internet.  However, the pessimistic researchers believe that any smoking product is unsafe and even though the new ones look a lot different, they are still nicotine material that is addictive.  The FDA wants to regulate electronic cigarettes, and researchers continue to debate over the potential danger and safety of electronic cigarettes.  The dispute has not been settled as yet.

By Iqra Amjad


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