Every racist argument might potentially be debunked by science due to the nature of how the X and Y chromosomes are passed down through generations. Adding to that, mutations and the human being’s ability to adapt might give an even stronger suggestion that racism in modern era might possibly be considered self-hatred. The basic elementary school genetics lesson demonstrating how women carry a pair of two X chromosomes and men carry one of each, an X and a Y chromosome, might even say a lot of it.
While a man only carries one Y-chromosome, passed from father to son in a line that thus goes unbroken, he passes his X to his daughter. A woman passes one of her two X chromosomes, regardless of the child’s gender. However, this doesn’t mean that the others necessarily go missing. There are all sorts of card shuffling games and mutations in genetics.
A commonly discussed example of what genetics can do in one generation are the biracial twins Kian and Remee Hodgson (image at the top of the article.) Born to mixed race parents, one of the girls is black, while the other sister is white. The girls’ parents were both reportedly born to a black father and a white mother. A source stated this case to be a one in a million chance.
In another case, where biracial twin boys were born to a mixed heritage mother and a white father, a genetics expert at Oxford University is reported to have said that the genes that determine color normally mix together, further stating that cases like these are rare.
To those who actively explore anthropology, history and genetics, the whole speculation and debate on race topic might be irrelevant altogether, and additionally, loaded with misinformation. Most scientific discussions on race seem to have to do with the physical structure of the human body, rather than skin pigmentation, and in particular, the human scull. Excavations and research of ancient tombs have brought a lot of new discoveries into light, challenging a lot of previously recorded history.
In recent years, the growing field of genetic research has conducted extended tests on modern-day populations worldwide. These tests have revealed a lot of puzzles and mysteries, suggesting that the constant migrations of human populations in recorded time, often attributed to technological advancements, might have been a part of human life for much longer.
Among the many mysteries are the reported presence of Y-chromosome Q at a high level in Iceland and Norway. The paternal Q lineage, suggested to have originated in Central Asia, is said to be the predominant Y-chromosome among Native Americans and is also found at high levels among tribes in Central and Northeast Asia. Another “rogue” lineage in Iceland is the Mitochondrial DNA (X chromosome) C1E, whose other identified C1 relatives are among Native American populations as well. Some have suggested that it could be traced to the Viking era, while to others, when looking at certain mutations, there might be an even more complicated story.
While Iceland has a highly advanced registry of genealogy, there are still unsolved puzzles. Many cultures might also have secrets attributed to relations that were or are considered inappropriate, perhaps illegal, denied paternities, illegitimate children, secretly being with someone from an enemy country.
If a blood line is a river that runs through several lands of bodies and each of them contributing a little bit as it passes on, there might be a lot of territory behind each and every human being. One may not recognize the contribution of the traveler who came from afar 800 years ago, but it doesn’t mean that traveler wasn’t there, or the Mongolian warrior who fell out with the Khan and took off in hiding somewhere in Europe. Then there is the darkness of conquests and slavery, that many would perhaps argue that humanity will continue to pay the price for till it gets to a point where it can let go of the past and fix the present.
Further adding to the debate of color, that often seems to be fueled by a racist agenda, the examples of fair skin pigmentation among populations in Eastern Siberia and among Inuit populations in North America, might suggest that skin pigmentation is perhaps a very flexible trait of adaptation for humans living in areas with less sunlight. A common suggestion is that fair skin might help absorb more vitamin D from the sun, as has it been suggested that darker skin tones have more resistance to sunburns.
What scientists seem to often find themselves up against, when researching the history of humanity, is ethnic pride and political turmoil among nations as well as nationalities and ethnic groups within the same country. To an observer, it might often seem as if some believe in keeping their DNA chromosomes and origin secret, as if there is a superiority that must remain a mystery to others. It also appears that some are so rooted in their cultural heritage, often tied to the language or common visual traits, that ethnic diversity or contributions from neighboring populations would be considered a disgrace. A question might perhaps arise whether the world has made a silent unanimous decision to remain segregated, to exploit each other or to be able to play either a victim or a dictator.
Though many humans would agree that it is good to celebrate one’s uniqueness and heritage, there might also be a certain comfort in acceptance, appreciation of mankind and the world as a whole. While an early man would perhaps not hesitate to identify a man by saying “he is the tall one who looks slightly different from the rest of us,” such profiling or direct description of someone gets a racist stamp right off the bat today. And that appears to go across the board, as one may find people of all nationalities and ethnicities having an experience story where they felt profiled with prejudice.
A person who perhaps is the only one whose hair is red, or is the only black or white person, or someone who has the ability to lick the tip of his nose, might be unique in their community, thus contributing to the overall diversity and color of their surroundings. There appears to be a long way to go for a celebration of humanity, although the secret history, recorded in the human DNA chromosomes, debunks every racist argument by suggesting there is only one humanity.
Opinion by Halldor Fannar Sigurgeirsson
Admixture Map (World Ancestry)