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Hair loss is not an amazing thing to experience. It can be scary and worrying. Due to male pattern baldness, men, however, are more likely to lose their hair than women. But hair loss and thinning hair are also common in women. In most cases, there are ways to treat both male and female hair fall. It all depends on the reason.
Physical and emotional stress – Any physical stress, for example, an auto accident, surgery, or serious illness might cause short-term hair fall. Physical and emotional stress could trigger a kind of hair loss called telogen effluvium. Hair fall often turns out to be obvious three to six months after the trauma.
Emotional stress is less likely to lead to hair loss than physical trauma, but it may occur, for instance, after the death of a loved one, while caring for an aging parent, or in the case of divorce. More often, though, emotional stress will not essentially precipitate the hair loss. It will exacerbate a problem that is previously there.
Heredity – Androgenic or androgenetic alopecia, female-pattern hair loss, is mainly the female version of male-pattern baldness. If one comes from a family where women began to have hair fall at a particular age, then she may be more prone to it.
Pregnancy – One of the ten causes of hair loss is pregnancy. It is a type of physical stress that could cause hair loss. Pregnancy-related hair loss is commonly seen after the birth of the baby rather than during pregnancy because child delivery may be traumatic.
Protein deficiency – If people do not get enough protein in their diet, their body may ration protein and shutdown hair growth, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. The deficiency can happen about two to three months after a drop in protein intake.
Female hormones – Just as pregnancy hormone changes could have an effect in hair loss, so could changes in birth-control. Hormones could also cause telogen effluvium, and it may be more likely if women have a family history of hair loss. A change in the hormonal balance that occurs at menopause may also have a similar effect.
Anemia – Almost one in ten women between 20 and 49 suffers from anemia due to iron deficiency. A very common form of anemia, which is an easily fixable cause of hair loss. Through a blood test, this type of anemia could be determined.
Hypothyroidism – The phrase hypothyroidism is the medical word for having a underactive thyroid gland. Located in the neck, this small gland emits hormones which are dangerous to metabolism as well as development and growth, and when it is not producing enough hormones, could lead to hair fall.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is another imbalance in male and female sex hormones. An excess of androgens can lead to hair thinning, a higher risk of diabetes, ovarian cysts, infertility, changes in menstrual period, as well as weight gain. Because of more male hormones in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome, they may experience more hair on the face and body.
Sudden weight loss – Dramatic weight loss is a type of physical trauma that may affect thinning hair. It is possible that the weight loss itself is stressing one’s body or that not eating right can cause mineral or vitamin deficiencies. Loss of hair along with noticeable weight loss could also be a sign of an eating disorder such as bulimia or anorexia.
Over-styling is another cause of hair loss. Dynamic hair styling and treatments over the years may cause hair fall. Examples of excessive styling include; hair weaves, cornrows or tight braids, as well as hot-oil treatments, chemical relaxers to straighten hair, high heat or any harsh chemical. Over-styling can effect the hair root, and the hair may not grow back.
By Rahad Abir