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PTSD Study May Link Sleep Disorders to Veterans

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PTSD
Courtesy of Ryan Hoffman (Unsplash CC0)

A study published in July 2016 by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine examines U.S. Veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder. PTSD is considered a mental health condition that develops after exposure to a traumatic event and can cause sleep disorders. These have been the chief complaints from over 9 million veterans.

Sleep Disorders

  • Sleep apnea consists of shallow breathing or moments of brief pauses of oxygen flow throughout the night.
  • Insomnia causes a person to have a strenuous time falling asleep or inability to stay asleep.
PTSD
Courtesy of Rutil Sharma (Unsplash CC0)

A representative from the United States Department of Veteran Affairs stated: “Veterans with PTSD, who engage in strenuous activities during daytime hours such as exercising, may have an easier transition to smoother sleep patterns over time.” Limiting the number of caffeine products consumed at least two hours before bedtime may also help transition to sleep comfortably without taking prescribed medication.

 

Often, veterans suffering from sleep apnea are prescribed Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy nightly for maximum relief. CPAP therapy includes wearing a face mask during rest, which maintains a clear airway passage by providing a stream of air while one is asleep.

Eurekalert highlights that therapy proves to be effective with continuous use without using mind-altering medications.

A study re-evaluating the effects of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure therapy on veterans suffering from sleep apnea, suggest that veterans who used the treatment at least four times a week, saw a dramatic change in over 65% of their night’s sleep.

Over the years, researchers have noticed that veterans taking drugs to treat their PTSD have a greater chance of enduring severe side effects. Doctors commonly prescribe antidepressants (Zoloft), antihypertensive medications (Prazosin), and Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (Phenelzine). Common side effects include:

  • increased suicidal thoughts
  • anxiety
  • dizziness
  • fatigue
  • insomnia
  • cottonmouth
  • nausea

Unfortunately, many veterans who experience the stress disorder generally suffer from sporadic clusters of insomnia. The inability to remain asleep throughout the night can stress the individual and heighten the effects of broken sleep in a different way nightly.

According to the Recovery Ranch:

The Journal of Traumatic Stress, conducted a study evaluating the relationship that may link PTSD and sleep disorders such as insomnia. Research from the study concluded that individuals suffering from PTSD and insomnia engaged in unpredictable sleep habits in comparison to those suffering from only insomnia. Many veterans battling PTSD and insomnia are often misdiagnosed primarily for insomnia.

Many studies suggest that there may be a significant correlation between veterans with PTSD and sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea and insomnia. As a result, researchers are scouting multiple avenues to treat veterans without taking mind-altering medications that can have severe side effects when taken over an extended period.

By Jhayla D. Tyson
Edited by Jeanette Smith

Sources:

American Academy of Sleep Medicine: Prevalence of Diagnosed Sleep Disorders has Risen Among US Veterans
Anxiety and Depression Association of America: Understanding the facts
Eurekalert: Study Finds that CPAP Therapy Reduces Acid Reflux in people with Sleep Apnea
Medical Daily: Different Types of Anxiety Disorders: How OCD, Social Anxiety, and More Afflict Well-Being
Recovery Ranch: PTSD- Related Sleep Problems Far Different From Insomnia
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: PTSD: National Center for PTSD

Top and Featured Image by Ryan Hoffman Courtesy of Unsplash- Creative Commons License
Inline Image by Rutil Sharma Courtesy of Unsplash – Creative Commons License

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